Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Dopamine Incorporated Forward Osmosis Membranes with High Structural Stability and Chlorine Resistance

Version 1 : Received: 30 July 2018 / Approved: 30 July 2018 / Online: 30 July 2018 (15:30:24 CEST)

How to cite: Wang, Y.; Fang, Z.; Xie, C.; Zhao, S.; Ng, D.; Xie, Z. Dopamine Incorporated Forward Osmosis Membranes with High Structural Stability and Chlorine Resistance. Preprints 2018, 2018070593 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0593.v1). Wang, Y.; Fang, Z.; Xie, C.; Zhao, S.; Ng, D.; Xie, Z. Dopamine Incorporated Forward Osmosis Membranes with High Structural Stability and Chlorine Resistance. Preprints 2018, 2018070593 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0593.v1).

Abstract

The degradation and detachment of the polyamide (PA) layer in thin-film composite (TFC) membranes due to chlorine based chemical cleaning and material difference of PA layer and substrate are two major bottlenecks of forward osmosis (FO) technology. In this study, a new type of FO membranes were prepared by controlling self-polymerization of dopamine (DA) in the aqueous phase and the reaction with trimesoyl chloride (TMC) during interfacial polymerization (IP) process. These membranes were characterized by attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and water contact angle measurements. The influence of synthesis parameters such as pH of the aqueous phase, reaction time, temperature, and monomer concentrations were systematically investigated. The optimized membrane showed enhanced structure stability in ethanol (7.1 times higher) and chlorine resistance (72.3 times higher) than the conventional Piperazine(PIP)/TMC membrane due to(poly-dopamine)PDA bio-adhesion and polyester groups in the membrane structure. In general, DA/TMC membranes could be an effective strategy to fabricate high-performance FO membranes with excellent structural stability and chlorine resistance.

Subject Areas

forward osmosis; thin-film composite; dopamine; interfacial polymerization; structural stability; chlorine resistance

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