Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Time-Resolved Emission Spectroscopy of Atomic and Molecular Species in Laser-Induced Plasma

Version 1 : Received: 18 July 2018 / Approved: 18 July 2018 / Online: 18 July 2018 (09:31:11 CEST)

How to cite: Parigger, C.; Gautam, G.; Helstern, C.M. Time-Resolved Emission Spectroscopy of Atomic and Molecular Species in Laser-Induced Plasma. Preprints 2018, 2018070324 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0324.v1). Parigger, C.; Gautam, G.; Helstern, C.M. Time-Resolved Emission Spectroscopy of Atomic and Molecular Species in Laser-Induced Plasma. Preprints 2018, 2018070324 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0324.v1).

Abstract

This work examines atomic and molecular signatures in laser-induced plasma in standard ambient temperature and pressure environments, including background contributions to the spectra that depend on the laser pulse-width.  Investigations include solids, gases, and nano-particles. Abel inversions of measured line-of-sight data reveal insight into the radial plasma distribution. For nominal 6 nanosecond laser pulses and for pulse-energies in the range of 100 to 800 milli-Joules, expansion dynamics and turbulence due to shock phenomena are elucidated to address local equilibrium details that are frequently assumed in spatially averaged emission spectroscopy. Chemical equilibrium computations reveal temperature dependence of selected plasma species. Specific interests include atomic hydrogen (H) and cyanide (CN). The atomic H spectra, collected following optical breakdown in ultra-high-pure hydrogen and 9:1 mixtures of ultra-pure hydrogen and nitrogen gases, indicate spherical shell structures and isentropic expansion of the plasma kernel over and above the usual shockwave. The recombination radiation of CN emanates within the first 100 nanoseconds for laser-induced breakdown in a 1:1 CO2:N2 gas mixture when using nanosecond laser pulses to create the micro-plasma. The micro-plasma is generated using 1064 nm, 150 mJ, 6 ns Q-switched Nd:YAG  laser radiation. Measurements of the optical emission spectra utilize a 0.64 m Czerny-Turner type spectrometer and an intensified charge-coupled device.

Subject Areas

laser-induced plasma; atomic and molecular spectroscopy; Abel inversion; hydrogen; cyanogen

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