Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Neisseria meningitidis Serogroup B Lipopolysaccharides Induce a Lower Pro-Inflammatory Effect within the Proteoliposome Used in Cuban Anti-Meningococcal Vaccines

Version 1 : Received: 10 July 2018 / Approved: 11 July 2018 / Online: 11 July 2018 (12:49:21 CEST)

How to cite: Pérez, O.; Graham, S.; Lastre, M.; Ellis, C.D.; Ramos, R.; Tellez-Martínez, D.; Batista Duharte, A. Neisseria meningitidis Serogroup B Lipopolysaccharides Induce a Lower Pro-Inflammatory Effect within the Proteoliposome Used in Cuban Anti-Meningococcal Vaccines. Preprints 2018, 2018070201 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0201.v1). Pérez, O.; Graham, S.; Lastre, M.; Ellis, C.D.; Ramos, R.; Tellez-Martínez, D.; Batista Duharte, A. Neisseria meningitidis Serogroup B Lipopolysaccharides Induce a Lower Pro-Inflammatory Effect within the Proteoliposome Used in Cuban Anti-Meningococcal Vaccines. Preprints 2018, 2018070201 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0201.v1).

Abstract

Neisseria meningitidis outer membrane vesicles or proteoliposomes (PLs) has been used as vaccines and adjuvant. Despite the presence of potentially toxic amounts of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), they have been shown to be safe, well tolerated, and immunogenic. This suggests that LPS-PL may have reduced LPS toxicity. We show here that the ability of PL to induce pro-inflammatory cytokine production in human U937 histiocytic cell line is significantly lesser than that of an equivalent concentration of purified LPS, thus confirming that certain components or physical properties of PL reduce the pro-inflammatory activity of their endogenous LPS. To investigate the mechanisms responsible for this protective effect, PLs were fractionated and assayed the ability of the resulting fractions to induce inflammatory cytokine expression. Several individual PLs fractions were more potent inducers of pro-inflammatory cytokine production than the unfractionated PLs. The majority of the pro-inflammatory activities appeared to be mediated by the presence of LPS in the fractions, as shown by the ability of an anti-CD14 antibody to block it. However, in two PL fractions, the production of IL-8 and to a lesser extent IL-6 was not inhibited by anti-CD14 treatment, indicating that pro-inflammatory components other than LPS could also be present in PL. Eight proteins present in the fractions were identified by n-terminal sequencing. Our results suggest that two of them PorB and particularly the RmpM protein may also contribute to the pro-inflammatory activity of N. meningitidis PL. Our results could support the development of PLs as vaccine adjuvant.

Subject Areas

proteoliposome, Neisseria meningitidis, LPS, proinflammatory cytokines, adjuvant

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