Haldar, S.; Lee, S.H.; Tan, J.J.; Chia, S.C.; Henry, C.J.; Chan, E.C.Y. Dose-Dependent Increase in Unconjugated Cinnamic Acid Concentration in Plasma Following Acute Consumption of Polyphenol Rich Curry in the Polyspice Study. Nutrients2018, 10, 934.
Haldar, S.; Lee, S.H.; Tan, J.J.; Chia, S.C.; Henry, C.J.; Chan, E.C.Y. Dose-Dependent Increase in Unconjugated Cinnamic Acid Concentration in Plasma Following Acute Consumption of Polyphenol Rich Curry in the Polyspice Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 934.
Spices rich in polyphenols are metabolized to a convergent group of phenolic acids. We conducted a dose-exposure nutrikinetic study to investigate associations between mixed spices intake and plasma concentrations of selected, unconjugated phenolic acids. In a randomized crossover study, 20 Chinese males consumed a curry meal containing 0 g, 6 g, and 12 g of mixed spices. Postprandial blood was drawn up to 7 h at regular intervals and plasma phenolic acids were quantified via LC-MS/MS. Cinnamic acid (CNA, p < 0.0001) and phenylacetic acid (PAA, p < 0.0005) concentrations were significantly increased with mixed spices consumption, although none of the other measured phenolic acids differ significantly between treatments. CNA displayed a high dose-exposure association (R2 > 0.8, p < 0.0001). The adjusted mean AUC0-7 h for CNA during the 3 increasing doses were 8.4 ± 3.4, 376.1 ± 104.7 and 875.7 ± 291.9 nM·h respectively. Plasma CNA concentration may be used as a biomarker of spice intake.
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