Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

CLINICAL PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH CORONARY TORTUOSITY AND ITS RELATION WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

Version 1 : Received: 21 June 2018 / Approved: 25 June 2018 / Online: 25 June 2018 (11:02:03 CEST)

How to cite: Gupta, A.; Panda, P.; SHARMA, Y.; Mahesh, A.; Sharma, P.; Mahesh, N.K. CLINICAL PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH CORONARY TORTUOSITY AND ITS RELATION WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE. Preprints 2018, 2018060381 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0381.v1). Gupta, A.; Panda, P.; SHARMA, Y.; Mahesh, A.; Sharma, P.; Mahesh, N.K. CLINICAL PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH CORONARY TORTUOSITY AND ITS RELATION WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE. Preprints 2018, 2018060381 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0381.v1).

Abstract

Background: Coronary tortuosity is a common angiographic finding. Scarce data is available on clinical profile of patients with coronary tortuosity (CT) and its relation with coronary artery disease (CAD). Method: A total 224 patients undergoing angiography for suspected CAD were included in the study. CT was defined by the presence of ≥3 consecutive bends of > 45 degree measured at end-diastole in an epicardial artery ≥2 mm in diameter. CT was present in 45(20.08%) patients in the study and another 45 patients without CT was randomly selected as control (NCT group). Clinical profile of CT and NCT group was compared. Results: Incidence of CT was significantly higher in females (p=0.000) and hypertensives (p=0.001) patients. CT was most commonly seen in Left circumflex coronary artery. Incidence of CAD was significantly lower in CT group as compare to NCT group (0.02). Risk factors for CAD was associated with reduced incidence of CT. Majority (88.46%) patient with CT without CAD presented with chronic stable angina out of which (65.21%) had an objective evidence of myocardial ischemia. Conclusion: CT is more commonly seen females and hypertensive patients. It has negative correlation with CAD. Risk factors of CAD do not predict CT. CT itself can lead to myocardial ischemia.

Subject Areas

coronary tortuosity; myocardial ischemia; coronary artery disease; chronic stable angina.

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