Preprint Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) of Differentially Expressed Genes in Green Tea against Methionine-Choline Deficient Diet in High-Fat Patients in the Development of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)

Version 1 : Received: 19 June 2018 / Approved: 20 June 2018 / Online: 20 June 2018 (04:07:14 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 28 September 2018 / Approved: 29 September 2018 / Online: 29 September 2018 (07:53:35 CEST)

How to cite: Saha, S.; Ahammad, I.; Barmon, S. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) of Differentially Expressed Genes in Green Tea against Methionine-Choline Deficient Diet in High-Fat Patients in the Development of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Preprints 2018, 2018060310 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0310.v2). Saha, S.; Ahammad, I.; Barmon, S. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) of Differentially Expressed Genes in Green Tea against Methionine-Choline Deficient Diet in High-Fat Patients in the Development of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Preprints 2018, 2018060310 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0310.v2).

Abstract

The most common liver disorder nowadays is non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) and it is a progressive disease that rises in severity from steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis(NASH), fibrosis and cirrhosis to increase risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma. It is a cause of great concern as there is an estimated seventy million Americans who are currently affected by NAFLD, and this is expected to only increase because of its association with obesity and diabetes and also a lack of therapies to keep its development and progression in check. In this particular study we performed a gene set enrichment analysis(GSEA) of differentially expressed genes in a green tea against methionine-choline deficient diet in high-fat patients in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD). The downregulated genes were used to perform an enrichment analysis and in the ARCHS4 TFs Coexpression database the most significant gene was found to be KLF5_human_tf_ARCHS4_coexpression. In the ARCHS4 Kinases Coexpression pathway database STYK1_human_kinase_ARCHS4 Coexpression was found to be the most significant gene. And finally for the upregulated genes a similar enrichment analysis was performed and in the humancy database γ-linolenate biosynthesis_Homo sapiens_PWY-6000 gene was discovered to be the most significant one. This study has used bioinformatics tools and the Enrichr software to perform a comparative analysis of differentially expressed gene sets for high-fat patients having a diet consisting of green tea against a methionine-choline deficient diet. Green tea is known to contain several antioxidants and polyphenols which provide protection against many liver diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD). The present study simply tries to build awareness of this to the general public and allow them to learn more about certain diets which have protective effects against liver diseases. Hopefully by implementing these in their daily lifestyles the public can gain some form of protection against these types of liver disorders.

Subject Areas

non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; steatosis; NASH; gene set enrichment analysis; green tea; methionine-choline deficient diet; γ-linolenate biosynthesis_Homo sapiens_PWY-6000

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