Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Analysis of the Process Parameter Influence in Laser Cladding of 316L Stainless Steel

Version 1 : Received: 15 June 2018 / Approved: 15 June 2018 / Online: 15 June 2018 (11:50:29 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Alvarez, P.; Montealegre, M.Á.; Pulido-Jiménez, J.F.; Arrizubieta, J.I. Analysis of the Process Parameter Influence in Laser Cladding of 316L Stainless Steel. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2, 55. Alvarez, P.; Montealegre, M.Á.; Pulido-Jiménez, J.F.; Arrizubieta, J.I. Analysis of the Process Parameter Influence in Laser Cladding of 316L Stainless Steel. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2, 55.

Journal reference: J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2, 55
DOI: 10.3390/jmmp2030055

Abstract

Laser Cladding is one of the leading processes within Additive Manufacturing technologies, a fact which has concentrated an important amount of effort on its development. In regard to the latter, the current study aims to summarize the influence of the most relevant process parameters in the laser cladding processing of single and compound volumes (solid forms) made from AISI 316L stainless steel powders and using a coaxial nozzle for deposition. Process speed, applied laser power and powder flow are considered to be the main variables affecting laser cladding in single clads, meanwhile overlap percentage and overlapping strategy become also relevant when dealing with multiple clads. By means of setting appropriate values of each process parameter, the main goal of this paper is to develop a processing window in which a good metallurgical bond between the delivered powder and substrate is obtained, trying simultaneously to maintain processing times in their lowest value possible. Conventional metallography techniques were performed on the cross sections of the laser tracks to measure the effective dimensions of clads for dilution analysis, height and width for the values of overlap between contiguous clads and layers, and also to analyze them for physical defects such as porosity and cracks. The resulting solid piece was 8 mm high at 800 mm/min.

Subject Areas

laser cladding; powder flow; 316L stainless steel

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