Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Emissions from the Road Traffic of West Africa’s Cities: Assessment of Vehicle Fleet and Fuel Consumption

Version 1 : Received: 8 June 2018 / Approved: 11 June 2018 / Online: 11 June 2018 (11:51:28 CEST)

How to cite: Doumbia, M.; Toure, N.E.; Silue, S.; Yoboue, V.; Diedhiou, A.; Hauhouot, C.A. Emissions from the Road Traffic of West Africa’s Cities: Assessment of Vehicle Fleet and Fuel Consumption. Preprints 2018, 2018060156 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0156.v1). Doumbia, M.; Toure, N.E.; Silue, S.; Yoboue, V.; Diedhiou, A.; Hauhouot, C.A. Emissions from the Road Traffic of West Africa’s Cities: Assessment of Vehicle Fleet and Fuel Consumption. Preprints 2018, 2018060156 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0156.v1).

Abstract

Traffic source emissions inventories for the rapidly growing West African urban cities are necessary for better local characterization of vehicle emissions released into these cities atmosphere. This study based on local field campaign in a representative site of anthropogenic activities over West African cities such as Yopougon (Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire) during 2016, provided useful information on vehicle type and age, traveling time, fuel type and amount for fuel consumption estimation. Also, high traffic flow of personal car were recorded on highway, boulevard and backstreet whereas high flows of intra-communal sedan taxi are recorded on main and secondary roads. In addition, the highest daily fuel consumption value of 56 L.day-1 was recorded in heavy vehicle while the lowest value of 15 L.day-1 is recorded for personal car using gasoline. This study will be useful for the improvement of uncertainties related to the different databases used to estimate inventories emissions either national or international reports.   This work provides useful information for future studies on urban air quality, climate and health impacts assessment in African cities. It may also be useful for policy makers to support implementation of emission reduction policy in West African cities.

Subject Areas

west Africa cities; urban transport; traffic flows; fuel consumption; emissions inventories; Yopougon

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