Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Inventions and Innovations in Preclinical Platforms for Cancer Research

Version 1 : Received: 29 May 2018 / Approved: 1 June 2018 / Online: 1 June 2018 (09:58:58 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Moshksayan, K.; Kashaninejad, N.; Saidi, M.S. Inventions and Innovations in Preclinical Platforms for Cancer Research. Inventions 2018, 3, 43. Moshksayan, K.; Kashaninejad, N.; Saidi, M.S. Inventions and Innovations in Preclinical Platforms for Cancer Research. Inventions 2018, 3, 43.

Journal reference: Inventions 2018, 3, 43
DOI: 10.3390/inventions3030043

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) cell culture systems can be regarded as suitable platforms to bridge the huge gap between animal studies and two-dimensional (2D) monolayer cell culture to study chronic diseases such as cancer. In particular, the preclinical platforms for multicellular spheroid formation and culture can be regarded as ideal in vitro tumor models. The complex tumor microenvironment such as hypoxic region and necrotic core can be recapitulated in 3D spheroid configuration. Cells aggregated in spheroid structures can better illustrate the performance of anti-cancer drugs as well. Various methods have been proposed so far to create such 3D spheroid aggregations. Both conventional techniques and microfluidic methods can be used for generation of multicellular spheroids. In this review paper, we first discuss various spheroid formation phases. Then, the conventional spheroid formation techniques such as bioreactor flasks, liquid overlay and hanging droplet technique are explained. Next, a particular topic of the hydrogel in spheroid formation and culture is explored. This topic has received less attention in the literature. Hydrogels entail some advantages to the spheroid formation and culture such as size uniformity, the formation of porous spheroids or hetero-spheroids as well as chemosensitivity and invasion assays and protecting from shear stress. Finally, microfluidic methods for spheroid formation and culture are briefly reviewed.

Subject Areas

spheroid culture; microfluidic cell culture; spheroids on-chip; tumor microenvironment; in vitro cell culture

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