Preprint Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

COSMO–SkyMed Synthetic Aperture Radar Data to Observe the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

Version 1 : Received: 29 May 2018 / Approved: 30 May 2018 / Online: 30 May 2018 (08:40:38 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 20 July 2018 / Approved: 27 July 2018 / Online: 27 July 2018 (06:19:37 CEST)

How to cite: Nunziata, F.; Buono, A.; Migliaccio, M. COSMO–SkyMed Synthetic Aperture Radar Data to Observe the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Preprints 2018, 2018050442 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0442.v2). Nunziata, F.; Buono, A.; Migliaccio, M. COSMO–SkyMed Synthetic Aperture Radar Data to Observe the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Preprints 2018, 2018050442 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0442.v2).

Abstract

Oil spills are adverse events that may be very harmful to ecosystems and food chain. In particular, large sea oil spills are very dramatic occurrence often affecting sea and coastal areas. Therefore the sustainability of oil rig infrastructures and oil transportation via oil tankers are linked to law enforcement based on proper monitoring techniques which are also fundamental to mitigate the impact of such pollution. Within this context, in this study a meaningful showcase is analyzed using remotely sensed measurements collected by the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) operated by the COSMO-SkyMed (CSK) constellation. The showcase presented refers to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil incident that occurred in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010. It is one of the world's largest incidental oil pollution event that affected a sea area larger than 10,000 km2. In this study we exploit, for the first time, dual co-polarization SAR data collected by the Italian CSK X-band SAR constellation showing the key benefits of HH-VV SAR measurements in observing such a huge oil pollution event, especially in terms of the very dense revisit time offered by the CSK constellation.

Subject Areas

sea; remote sensing; oil pollution

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