Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Anti-Seepage Effectiveness Evaluation of Fracture Grouting in Yellow River Embankment

Version 1 : Received: 23 May 2018 / Approved: 28 May 2018 / Online: 28 May 2018 (05:45:00 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Liu, J.; Wan, Z.; Xie, Q.; Li, C.; Liu, R.; Cheng, M.; Han, B. Investigation on Reinforcement and Lapping Effect of Fracture Grouting in Yellow River Embankment. Processes 2018, 6, 75. Liu, J.; Wan, Z.; Xie, Q.; Li, C.; Liu, R.; Cheng, M.; Han, B. Investigation on Reinforcement and Lapping Effect of Fracture Grouting in Yellow River Embankment. Processes 2018, 6, 75.

Journal reference: Processes 2018, 6, 75
DOI: 10.3390/pr6070075

Abstract

Fracture grouting has been a widely used mitigation measure against seepage in the Yellow River Embankment. However, there is currently a lack of systematic investigation for evaluating the anti-seepage effectiveness of fracture grouting employed in this longest river embankment in China. Therefore, in this work, laboratory and in-situ experiments are carried out for investigating the reinforcement effect of fracture grouting in the Jinan Section of the Yellow River Embankment. In particular, firstly, the laboratory tests concentrate on studying the optimum strength improvement for cement-silicate grout by varying the content of backfilled fly ash and bentonite as admixtures. Flexural strength and Scanning Electron Microscope photographs are investigated for assessing the strength and compactness improvement. Subsequently, based on the obtained optimum admixtures content, in-situ grouting tests are carried out in the Jinan Section of the Yellow River Embankment to evaluate the anti-seepage effectiveness of fracture grouting, where geophysical prospecting and pit prospecting methods are employed. Laboratory results show that, compared with pure cement-silicate grouts, the gelation time of the improved slurry is longer and gelation time increases as fly ash content increases. The optimum mixing proportion of the compound cement-silicate grout is 70% cement, 25% fly ash and 5% bentonite, and the best volume ratio is 2 for the investigated cases. Geophysical prospecting using the Ground Penetrating Radar and High Density Resistivity methods can reflect the anti-seepage effectiveness of fracture grouting on site. It shows that the grouting material mainly flows along the axial direction of the embankment. The treatment that is used to generate directional fracture is proved to be effective. The injection hole interval distance is suggested to be 1.2 m, where the lapping effect of the grouting veins is relatively significant. For the investigated cases, the average thickness of the grouting veins is approximately 6.0 cm and the corresponding permeability coefficient is averagely 1.6 × 10−6 cm/s, which meets the anti-seepage criterion in practice.

Subject Areas

fracture grouting; cement-silicate grout; geophysical prospecting; seepage; Yellow River Embankment

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