Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of a Dense Network of Surface Reservoirs on the Power Demand for Water Distribution in a Semiarid Basin

Version 1 : Received: 24 May 2018 / Approved: 25 May 2018 / Online: 25 May 2018 (12:20:12 CEST)

How to cite: Nascimento, T.; Cavalcanti, N.; Castro, B.; Medeiros, P. Effect of a Dense Network of Surface Reservoirs on the Power Demand for Water Distribution in a Semiarid Basin. Preprints 2018, 2018050369 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0369.v1). Nascimento, T.; Cavalcanti, N.; Castro, B.; Medeiros, P. Effect of a Dense Network of Surface Reservoirs on the Power Demand for Water Distribution in a Semiarid Basin. Preprints 2018, 2018050369 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0369.v1).

Abstract

The power generation from hydroelectric plants has increased worldwide, contributing to the participation of the renewable sources to the energy matrix. In the semiarid Brazilian Northeast (NEB), thousands of small dams have been built over time as a solution for water supply. Although incompatible with hydropower generation due to the conflict with human water supply in the region, small reservoirs accumulate water and hydraulic energy at high altitudes. In this work, simulations were performed to assess how the arrangement of various sized reservoirs impact the power demand for water distribution in the Banabuiú River Basin – BRB (19,800 km²), Brazil. The power required to pump water from all 1,405 reservoirs to the districts is 6.5 GWh/year, whereas in the scenario with the 12 larger strategic reservoirs only, the power demand reaches 45.3 GWh/year. Although representing roughly 60% of the water availability of the BRB and being able to supply all the districts, the Arrojado Lisboa reservoir alone would demand 195 GWh/year to supply water to the entire basin, i.e. 30 times the power required in the real reservoir arrangement. By storing water at high altitudes and distributing it spatially, the small reservoirs increase the energy efficiency on the water distribution system.

Subject Areas

energy efficiency; reservoir network; water supply

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