Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

In Vitro Anticancer Activity and Mechanism of Action of an Aziridinyl Galactopyranoside

Version 1 : Received: 14 May 2018 / Approved: 15 May 2018 / Online: 15 May 2018 (09:00:29 CEST)

How to cite: Burgos-Morón, E.; Pastor, N.; Orta, M.L.; Jiménez-Alonso, J.J.; Palo-Nieto, C.; Vega-Holm, M.; Vega-Pérez, J.M.; Iglesias-Guerra, F.; Mateos, S.; López-Lázaro, M.; Calderón-Montaño, J.M. In Vitro Anticancer Activity and Mechanism of Action of an Aziridinyl Galactopyranoside. Preprints 2018, 2018050215 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0215.v1). Burgos-Morón, E.; Pastor, N.; Orta, M.L.; Jiménez-Alonso, J.J.; Palo-Nieto, C.; Vega-Holm, M.; Vega-Pérez, J.M.; Iglesias-Guerra, F.; Mateos, S.; López-Lázaro, M.; Calderón-Montaño, J.M. In Vitro Anticancer Activity and Mechanism of Action of an Aziridinyl Galactopyranoside. Preprints 2018, 2018050215 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201805.0215.v1).

Abstract

We recently screened a series of new aziridines β-D-galactopyranoside derivatives for selective anticancer activity and identified 2-methyl-2,3-[N-(4-methylbenzenesulfonyl)imino]propyl 2,3-di-O-benzyl-4,6-O-(S)-benzylidene-β-D-galactopyranoside (AzGalp) as the most promising compound. In this article, we explore possible mechanisms involved in the cytotoxicity of this aziridine and evaluate its selective anticancer activity using cancer cells and normal cells from a variety of tissues. Our data show that AzGalp induces DNA damage (detected with the comet assay). Cells deficient in the DNA repair pathway nucleotide excision repair (NER) were hypersensitive to the cytotoxicity of this compound. These results suggest that AzGalp induces bulky DNA adducts, and that cancer cells lacking a functional NER pathway may be particularly vulnerable to the anticancer effects of this aziridine. Several experiments revealed that neither the generation of oxidative stress nor the inhibition of glycolysis played a significant role in the cytotoxicity of AzGalp. The combinations of AzGalp with either oxaliplatin or 5-fluorouracil slightly improved the ability of both anticancer drugs to selectively kill cancer cells. AzGalp also displayed selective cytotoxicity against a panel of malignant cells versus normal cells; the highest selectivity was observed for two acute promyelocytic leukemia cell lines. Additional preclinical studies are necessary to evaluate the anticancer potential of AzGalp.

Subject Areas

aziridine; cancer; cytotoxic; cytotoxicity; selectivity; nucleotide excision repair

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