Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Spatio-temporal Features of Urban Heat Island and its Relationship with Land Use/Cover in Mountainous City: A Case Study in Chongqing

Version 1 : Received: 8 May 2018 / Approved: 10 May 2018 / Online: 10 May 2018 (14:59:19 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Liu, C.; Li, Y. Spatio-Temporal Features of Urban Heat Island and Its Relationship with Land Use/Cover in Mountainous City: A Case Study in Chongqing. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1943. Liu, C.; Li, Y. Spatio-Temporal Features of Urban Heat Island and Its Relationship with Land Use/Cover in Mountainous City: A Case Study in Chongqing. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1943.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2018, 10, 1943
DOI: 10.3390/su10061943

Abstract

The urban heat island (UHI) becomes more and more serious with the acceleration of urbanization. Many researchers have shown interest in studying the UHI by using remote sensing data. But these studies rarely examine the mountainous cities. The studies on UHI in mountainous cities often used empirical parameters to estimate the land surface temperature (LST), and lacked satellite-ground synchronous experiment to test the accuracy. This paper revised the parameters in mono-window algorithm used to retrieve the LST according to the characteristics of mountainous cities. This study examined the spatial and temporal patterns of the UHI intensity in Chongqing, a typical mountainous city, and its relationship with land cover from 2007 to 2011 based on the Landsat TM data and the improved method. The accuracy of the LST derivation increased by about 1°C compared to the traditional method. The high LST areas increased and extended from the downtown to suburban area each year, but the rate of change decreased. The UHI is dramatically impacted by the rivers. There is a good relationship between the urban sprawl and the UHI. The LST was reduced by about 1°C within a 300m distance from large urban fringe green spaces. The urban landscape parks had a strong effect relieving the UHI at a 100m distance. The LST was reduced by about 0.5°C. The study greatly improves the accuracy of LST derivation, and provides a reliable parameters for the UHI researched in mountainous city.

Subject Areas

spatio-temporal pattern; land cover; mountainous city; Chongqing

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