: Received: 1 May 2018 / Approved: 3 May 2018 / Online: 3 May 2018 (08:07:27 CEST)
: Received: 7 May 2018 / Approved: 8 May 2018 / Online: 8 May 2018 (05:44:08 CEST)
: Received: 20 May 2018 / Approved: 22 May 2018 / Online: 22 May 2018 (07:54:22 CEST)
Sudirman, S.; Ong, A.D.; Chang, H.-W.; Kong, Z.-L. Effect of Fucoidan on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Transection and Medial Meniscectomy Induced Osteoarthritis in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Rats. Nutrients2018, 10, 686.
Sudirman, S.; Ong, A.D.; Chang, H.-W.; Kong, Z.-L. Effect of Fucoidan on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Transection and Medial Meniscectomy Induced Osteoarthritis in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Rats. Nutrients 2018, 10, 686.
Osteoarthritis (OA) has become one of the most common disabilities among elders, especially in female. Obesity and mechanical injury causing OA are attributed to joint loading, cartilage disintegration, bone loss and inflammation as well. Several strategies used for treatment OA including non-pharmacological and pharmacological. Fucoidan possesses several bioactivities such as antitumor, antiviral, anticoagulation, anti-obesity, and immunomodulation. This study aims to investigate the effect of fucoidan in surgery-induced OA on diet-induced obesity rats. OA was induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection and partial medial meniscectomy (ACLT+MMx). Male SD rats were fed high-fat diet (HFD) for 4 weeks to induce obesity before ACLT+MMx to induce OA. OA rats were administered with intragastric water or fucoidan in three different concentrations (32 mg/kg, 64 mg/kg, and 320 mg/kg) after the surgeries for 40 days with HFD. We observed that the swelling in knee joint was alleviated and hind paw weight distribution was rectified after feeding fucoidan, with no significant effect on weight gain and feed intake. Fucoidan administration indicated no significant variation on HDL-Cholesterol level, but reduced plasma triglycerides and LDL-Cholesterol level. In addition, weight-bearing tests showed improvement in the fucoidan-treated group. Our results suggested that fucoidan may improve meniscal/ligamentous injury and obesity-induced OA.
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