Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Sensitivity of Different Parameterizations on Simulation of Tropical Cyclone Durian over the South China Sea Using Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model

Version 1 : Received: 25 April 2018 / Approved: 26 April 2018 / Online: 26 April 2018 (08:59:09 CEST)

How to cite: Wannawong, W.; Wang, D.; Zhang, Y.; Ekkawatpanit, C. Sensitivity of Different Parameterizations on Simulation of Tropical Cyclone Durian over the South China Sea Using Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model. Preprints 2018, 2018040336 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0336.v1). Wannawong, W.; Wang, D.; Zhang, Y.; Ekkawatpanit, C. Sensitivity of Different Parameterizations on Simulation of Tropical Cyclone Durian over the South China Sea Using Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model. Preprints 2018, 2018040336 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0336.v1).

Abstract

Typhoon Durian forming over the Western North Pacific Ocean and entering into the South China Sea (SCS), caused extreme and widespread damages in 2006. In this research, sensitivity analyses on different physical parameterization schemes of the Weather Research and Forecasting Atmospheric Model (WRF-ATM) have been utilized to study typhoon Durian. Model accuracy and performance testing were investigated with different initial conditions during the tropical cyclone simulation in the SCS. The initial and boundary conditions (IBCs) for all experiments were derived from the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), Re-Analysis Interim (ERAI), and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) with Final (FNL) analysis data compiled through the WRF-ATM model. The sensitivity analysis results indicated a major improvement for the cumulus scheme by using the Grell-Devenyi scheme along with the PBL scheme of Yonsei University, mixed-phase microphysics scheme of the WRF Single Moment 5-class and IBCs for ECMWF-ERAI of TC simulation under the context of Wind-Pressure Relationships. This predicted better track and intensity comparing with these of the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The results revealed that the TC track and intensity were well simulated by the WSM5-GD combination for the WRF-ATM model with an intensity error of 1.69 hPa for minimum surface level pressure, maximum wind speed of 1.83 knots and average track error of 25 km in 72 hours. The simulations showed that the potential track and intensity error decreased with the delayed IBCs, suggesting that the model simulation is more dependable when the coast is approached by the TC.

Subject Areas

typhoon Durian; tropical cyclone; wind-pressure relationships; South China Sea; sensitivity analysis; WRF

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