The Aminofunctional starch/Carboxylated nitrile butadiene rubber (ANS/XNBR) latex films were prepared with control (0), 5, 10, 15, and 20 phr of ANS loadings. The films were subjected to soil burial test for 8 weeks, which recovered every two weeks to quantify the degraded properties. The control (week 0) and biodegraded films were subjected to physical tests (crosslink density, tensile, and tear strength tests) and biodegradation quantification (mass loss retention, and water vapor transmission rates). The optimum physical properties of ANS/XNBR films were subjected to further assessment of its degradation properties which include morphological (optical and scanning electron microscopes (SEM)), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) respectively. Overall, mechanical properties of biodegraded ANS/XNBR latex films decreased as biodegradation period elapses. The biodegradation assessment via water vapor transmission rates and mass loss analyses indicates the high degree of biodegradation rates were observed with higher loading of ANS/XNBR latex films. Morphological analyses via optical microscope shows the transformation of the films surface opacity during biodegradation test. SEM images depicted the microorganism remains on the film surfaces. For FTIR analysis, the most significant changes in the spectras of the films appeared in the region of 790–3000 cm−1. TGA thermograph shows the thermal retention of the materials decreased, as the biodegradation period elapses for optimum ANS/XNBR latex films. From the results obtained, ANS/XNBR latex films shows optimum degradation and mechanical properties at 10 phr filler loading.
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