Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Scientific Media Dieting and Students Awareness and Expectations about the Environmental Issues of Deforestation and Species Extinction in the Middle East and North America: An Integrated cross Cultural Ecologic-Economic Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 20 April 2018 / Approved: 20 April 2018 / Online: 20 April 2018 (12:01:26 CEST)

How to cite: Niankara, I. Scientific Media Dieting and Students Awareness and Expectations about the Environmental Issues of Deforestation and Species Extinction in the Middle East and North America: An Integrated cross Cultural Ecologic-Economic Analysis. Preprints 2018, 2018040267 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0267.v1). Niankara, I. Scientific Media Dieting and Students Awareness and Expectations about the Environmental Issues of Deforestation and Species Extinction in the Middle East and North America: An Integrated cross Cultural Ecologic-Economic Analysis. Preprints 2018, 2018040267 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0267.v1).

Abstract

This study inscribes itself in the global discussion about the issue of environmental awareness, beliefs and behaviors. Here we focus on the role that cultural differences and scientific media dieting play in explaining heterogeneities in students' awareness and expectations about the two environmental issues of deforestation and species (plant and animal) extinction in the Middle East and North America. To this end, we use the cross-sectional survey data of the OECD's Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2015, along with seemingly unrelated Bi-variate ordered Probit modeling techniques. The results show that compared to their North American Counterparts, students' in the Middle East are 14.2% less aware of, and 14.5% less optimistic about the issue of deforestation, while 38.9% less aware of, and 59.0% less optimistic about the issue of species extinction. In addition, we found that science club attendance and broad science reading in books are the two most effective communication media for raising students awareness about the two environmental issues. In fact, every one level increase in students' awareness is found to raise their optimism by 20.4% for the issue of deforestation, and 15.0% for the issue of plant and animal extinction. Therefore raising young people environmental awareness and optimism through proper communication strategies, could be invaluable for achieving an economic development in line with our need to preserve the natural environment and ecosystem services for generations to come.

Subject Areas

deforestation; environmental awareness; media consumption; sustainable development; species extinction

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