Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Evaluation of Climate Change Impacts on Wetland Vegetation in Dunhuang Yangguan National Nature Reserve in Northwest China Using Landsat Derived NDVI

Version 1 : Received: 27 March 2018 / Approved: 28 March 2018 / Online: 28 March 2018 (06:13:23 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Pan, F.; Xie, J.; Lin, J.; Zhao, T.; Ji, Y.; Hu, Q.; Pan, X.; Wang, C.; Xi, X. Evaluation of Climate Change Impacts on Wetland Vegetation in the Dunhuang Yangguan National Nature Reserve in Northwest China Using Landsat Derived NDVI. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 735. Pan, F.; Xie, J.; Lin, J.; Zhao, T.; Ji, Y.; Hu, Q.; Pan, X.; Wang, C.; Xi, X. Evaluation of Climate Change Impacts on Wetland Vegetation in the Dunhuang Yangguan National Nature Reserve in Northwest China Using Landsat Derived NDVI. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 735.

Journal reference: Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 735
DOI: 10.3390/rs10050735

Abstract

Based on 541 Landsat images between 1988 and 2016, the normalized difference vegetation indices (NDVIs) of the wetland vegetation at Xitugou (XTG) and Wowachi (WWC) inside the Dunhuang Yangguan National Nature Reserve (YNNR) in northwest China were calculated for assessing impacts of climate change on wetland vegetation in the YNNR. It was found that the wetland vegetation at the XTG and WWC both had shown a significant increasing trend in the past 30 years, and the increase in both annual mean temperature and peak snow depth over the Altun Mountains led to the increase of wetland vegetation. The influence of local precipitation on the XTG wetland vegetation was greater than on the WWC wetland vegetation, which demonstrates that in extremely arid regions, the major constrain to the wetland vegetation is water availability in soils which is greatly related to the surface water detention and discharge of groundwater. At both XTG and WWC, snowmelt from the Altun Mountains is the main contributor to the groundwater discharge, while local precipitation plays a less role in influencing the wetland vegetation at the WWC than at the XTG, because the wetland vegetation grows on a relatively flat terrain at the WWC, while in a stream channel at the XTG.

Subject Areas

wetland vegetation; normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI); Landsat; precipitation; air temperature; snowmelt; extremely arid regions

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