Masuda, J.; Shigehiro, T.; Matsumoto, T.; Satoh, A.; Mizutani, A.; Umemura, C.; Saito, S.; Kijihira, M.; Takayama, E.; Seno, A.; Murakami, H.; Seno, M. Cytokine Expression and Macrophage Localization in Xenograft and Allograft Tumor Models Stimulated with Lipopolysaccharide. Int. J. Mol. Sci.2018, 19, 1261.
Masuda, J.; Shigehiro, T.; Matsumoto, T.; Satoh, A.; Mizutani, A.; Umemura, C.; Saito, S.; Kijihira, M.; Takayama, E.; Seno, A.; Murakami, H.; Seno, M. Cytokine Expression and Macrophage Localization in Xenograft and Allograft Tumor Models Stimulated with Lipopolysaccharide. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1261.
Macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) acquire functionally distinct properties in response to various environmental stimuli; the interaction of these cells with myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in tumor microenvironments regulates cancer progression. Immunodeficient mice lacking T cells are less likely to reject human cancer cells because of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) mismatches. The xenograft tumor microenvironment, comprising human cancer and mouse host cells, exhibits more complex bidirectional signaling and function than a syngeneic tumor microenvironment. Here human and mouse colorectal cancer cells were transplanted into nude mice to elucidate differences in macrophage, DC, and MDSC functions in human xenograft and mouse allograft tumor models. Plasma interferon-γ and interleukin-18 concentrations in the former model after intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration were significantly higher than those in the latter model and non-transplanted control group. Splenic MHC class I, II, and CD80 expression increased in CD11b+ and MDSC populations after LPS administration in only the xenograft tumor model. The number of CD80- and MRC1-expressing cells decreased upon LPS administration in only the xenograft tumor. These results suggxest that macrophages and DCs function normally in xenograft tumor models, whereas their functions in response to LPS administration vary in allograft tumor models.
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