Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Gender Inequality in Literacy Status and Households Economic Well-Being in Burkina Faso: A Semiparametric Bi-variate Sample Selection Modeling Approach

Version 1 : Received: 5 March 2018 / Approved: 7 March 2018 / Online: 7 March 2018 (09:27:26 CET)

How to cite: Niankara, I. Gender Inequality in Literacy Status and Households Economic Well-Being in Burkina Faso: A Semiparametric Bi-variate Sample Selection Modeling Approach. Preprints 2018, 2018030052 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0052.v1). Niankara, I. Gender Inequality in Literacy Status and Households Economic Well-Being in Burkina Faso: A Semiparametric Bi-variate Sample Selection Modeling Approach. Preprints 2018, 2018030052 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0052.v1).

Abstract

This paper models the factors explaining households members economic well-being in Burkina Faso, with a focus on the relative influence of gender inequality in literacy status. It does so, using data from the 2014 survey on household living conditions and a semi-parametric bi-variate sample selection modeling approach. This approach compared to the classic Heckman two-step estimator is methodologically innovative because it deals simultaneously with non-random sample selection using conventional systems of two equations, non-linear covariates' effects using spline approach, and the non-normal bivariate distribution using copula functions.
The graphical results from the Lorenz curves combined with the numerical Atkinson and Gini coefficients suggest that inequality in overall per-capita consumption spending among households headed by literates is higher than that of their illiterate counterparts in 2009 and 2014. However, independently of the head of household’s literacy status, the level of inequality in total economic well-being decreased from 2009 to 2014. Using the poverty indices of Watts, Sen, Foster ( alpha= 1))  we found that poverty among households headed by literates is lower than that of their illiterates counterparts for both years, although overall poverty decreased nationally between 2009 and 2014.
The results also show that although the gender inequality in literacy status does not translate into inequalities in non-food wellness, it does however for food-wellness as female headed households have 38.9% less per-capita food consumption spending than their men counterparts. Combining both food and non-food consumption spending, total economic well-being also seems to exhibit gender inequality as female headed households now have relatively 26.7% less combined per-capita consumption spending.

Supplementary and Associated Material

Subject Areas

Burkina Faso, Economic Well-Being, Gender inequality, Literacy status, Sample Selection

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