Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Human Sustainability of ICT and Management Changes: Evidence for the French Public and Private Sectors

Version 1 : Received: 6 March 2018 / Approved: 6 March 2018 / Online: 6 March 2018 (16:30:15 CET)

How to cite: Bigi, M.; Greenan, N.; Hamon-Cholet, S.; Lanfranchi, J. The Human Sustainability of ICT and Management Changes: Evidence for the French Public and Private Sectors. Preprints 2018, 2018030047 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0047.v1). Bigi, M.; Greenan, N.; Hamon-Cholet, S.; Lanfranchi, J. The Human Sustainability of ICT and Management Changes: Evidence for the French Public and Private Sectors. Preprints 2018, 2018030047 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0047.v1).

Abstract

We investigate the human sustainability of ICT and management changes using a French linked employer-employee survey on organizational changes and computerization (COI). We approach the human sustainability of changes through the evolutions of work intensity, skill utilization and the subjective relationship to work. We compare in the private sector and the State civil service the impacts of ICT and management changes on the evolution of these three dimensions of work experience. We find that when ICT and management changes are intense, they are positively associated in the public sector with work intensification and new knowledge. In the private sector ICT and management changes increase the use of skills, but at a rate decreasing with their intensity and without favoring the accumulation of new knowledge. However, their impacts on the subjective relationship to work are much stronger, with public sector employees expressing discouragement as well as the feeling of an increased effort-reward imbalance when private sector employees become more committed. We tested that the self-selection of employees, the specific sources and paths of changes and the implementation of performance pay did not explain this divergence. We identify two partial explanations: one is related with employee turnover in the private sector, the other one with the role of trade unions. These results suggest that the human sustainability of ICT and management changes depends on their intensity and on how their implementation takes into account the institutional context of the organization.

Subject Areas

organizational changes; ICT; management tools; work experience; employee outcomes; comparison of public and private sectors; linked employer-employee survey

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