Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Survey on Energy Drinks Consumption and Related Lifestyle among Students of Two Italian High Schools

Version 1 : Received: 8 January 2018 / Approved: 12 January 2018 / Online: 12 January 2018 (05:12:03 CET)

How to cite: Totaro, M.; Avella, M.; Giorgi, S.; Tulipani, A.; Costa, A.L.; Valentini, P.; Lopalco, P.L.; Baggiani, A. Survey on Energy Drinks Consumption and Related Lifestyle among Students of Two Italian High Schools. Preprints 2018, 2018010105 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201801.0105.v1). Totaro, M.; Avella, M.; Giorgi, S.; Tulipani, A.; Costa, A.L.; Valentini, P.; Lopalco, P.L.; Baggiani, A. Survey on Energy Drinks Consumption and Related Lifestyle among Students of Two Italian High Schools. Preprints 2018, 2018010105 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201801.0105.v1).

Abstract

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has identified some risk factors for the occurrence of side effects linked to energy drinks (EDs) consumption by young people. Tachycardia, sleeplessness, caffeine addiction may be caused by excessive consumption of EDs during parties, sport matches, ect. EDs consumption has been evaluated in a sample of students in Italy together with some aspects of their lifestyle. The survey was performed in two high schools from September 2014 to June 2015. 583 students between 14 to 18 years were recruited and a standard questionnaire (EFSA checklist) was used to collect information on responders characteristics, beverages consumption, EDs with alcohol, and EDs and sports. 350 out of 583 responders (60%) consumed EDs and 146 out of 583 responders (25%) reported an occasional alcohol consumption. Despite 82 out of 146 alcoholic drinkers (56%) were EDs-alcohol consumers, only 70 out of 583 adolescents (12%) reported habitual EDs consumption. Moreover, 38 out of 379 (10%) of all physically active adolescents reported frequent EDs consumption before sportive trainings. Study results highlight the need for primary prevention measures in communication campaigns and training delivered by school to limit potential health threats related to excess of EDs consumption.

Subject Areas

energy drinks; adolescent lifestyle; alcohol; caffeine; sports

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