Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Early Detection and Diagnosis of Neonatal Intrahepatic Cholestasis Caused by Citrin Deficiency Missed by Newborn Screening Using Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Version 1 : Received: 26 December 2017 / Approved: 26 December 2017 / Online: 26 December 2017 (10:18:45 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Shigetomi, H.; Tanaka, T.; Nagao, M.; Tsutsumi, H. Early Detection and Diagnosis of Neonatal Intrahepatic Cholestasis Caused by Citrin Deficiency Missed by Newborn Screening Using Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Int. J. Neonatal Screen. 2018, 4, 5. Shigetomi, H.; Tanaka, T.; Nagao, M.; Tsutsumi, H. Early Detection and Diagnosis of Neonatal Intrahepatic Cholestasis Caused by Citrin Deficiency Missed by Newborn Screening Using Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Int. J. Neonatal Screen. 2018, 4, 5.

Journal reference: Int. J. Neonatal Screen. 2018, 4, 5
DOI: 10.3390/ijns4010005

Abstract

Citrullinemia is the earliest identifiable biochemical abnormality in neonates with intrahepatic cholestasis due to a citrin deficiency (NICCD) and it has been included in newborn screening panels using tandem mass spectrometry. However, only one neonate was positive among 600,000 infants born in Sapporo city and Hokkaido, Japan between 2006 and 2017. We investigated 12 neonates with NICCD who were initially considered normal in newborn mass screening (NBS) by tandem mass spectrometry, but were later diagnosed with NICCD by DNA tests. Using their initial NBS data, we examined citrulline concentrations and ratios of citrulline to total amino acids. Although their citrulline values exceeded the mean of the normal neonates and 80 % of them surpassed +3SD, all were below the cutoff of 40 nmol/mL. The ratios of citrulline to total amino acids significantly elevated in patients with NICCD compared to the control. By evaluating two indicators simultaneously, we could select about 80% of patients with missed NICCD. Introducing an estimated index comprising citrulline values and citrulline to total amino acid ratios could assure NICCD detection by NBS.

Subject Areas

SLC25A13; amino acid ratio; citrullinemia; latent liver dysfunction; mitochondrial aspartate-glutamate carrier

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