Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Flood Mitigation Techniques—A New Perspective for the Case Study of Adayar Watershed

Version 1 : Received: 17 December 2017 / Approved: 19 December 2017 / Online: 19 December 2017 (10:14:54 CET)

How to cite: V., V.; M. , R. Flood Mitigation Techniques—A New Perspective for the Case Study of Adayar Watershed. Preprints 2017, 2017120135 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201712.0135.v1). V., V.; M. , R. Flood Mitigation Techniques—A New Perspective for the Case Study of Adayar Watershed. Preprints 2017, 2017120135 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201712.0135.v1).

Abstract

Mostly populous city like Chennai is subjected to frequent flooding due to its complex nature of natural and man-made activities. From the analysis of the past records of flood events of 1943,1976,1985,2005 and 2008,it has been observed Adayar watershed is subjected to cataclysmic flooding in low-lying areas of the city and its suburbs because of inoperativeness of the local drainage system, rainfall associated with cyclonic activity, topography of the terrain, encroachments along the floodplain, hugh upstream flow discharge into the river and the highly impervious area which blocked the runoff to flow into the storm water drainage. After looking into these problems of flooding, a study have been conducted on Adayar watershed to develop a 2D hydrodynamic model for the two scenarios of existing condition of storm water drainage network and revised conditions of storm water drainage network using high resolution Lidar DEM to assess the volume of runoff with respect to time and duration on flood peaks for the two flood events of 2005 and 2015.Secondly to develop a 1D flood model to predict the river stages during peak floods using MIKE 11 for the Adayar watershed. Thirdly to integrate the coupled 1D and 2D model using MIKEFLOOD for assessing the extent of inundation in the floodplain area of Adayar river. Finally results from the integrated model have been validated and the results found satisfactory. As a part of mitigation measures, two flood mitigation measures have been adopted. One measure such as revised storm water drainage system which enhances the flood carrying capacity of the drains and results in less inundated area which solves the problem of urban flooding and second measure such as regrading the river bed which reduces the floodplain inundation around the adjacent area of the river. After adopting these measures, the river is free to flow into the sea without any blockades.

Subject Areas

urban flood; river flood; hydrodynamic model; high resolution dem; flood mitigation measures

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