Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Simple Method to Measure Renal Function in Swine by the Plasma Clearance of Iohexol

Version 1 : Received: 15 November 2017 / Approved: 16 November 2017 / Online: 16 November 2017 (03:11:30 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Luis-Lima, S.; García-Contreras, C.; Vázquez-Gómez, M.; Astiz, S.; Carrara, F.; Gaspari, F.; Negrín-Mena, N.; Jiménez-Sosa, A.; Jiménez-Hernández, H.; González-Bulnes, A.; Porrini, E. A Simple Method to Measure Renal Function in Swine by the Plasma Clearance of Iohexol. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 232. Luis-Lima, S.; García-Contreras, C.; Vázquez-Gómez, M.; Astiz, S.; Carrara, F.; Gaspari, F.; Negrín-Mena, N.; Jiménez-Sosa, A.; Jiménez-Hernández, H.; González-Bulnes, A.; Porrini, E. A Simple Method to Measure Renal Function in Swine by the Plasma Clearance of Iohexol. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 232.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 232
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19010232

Abstract

There is no simple method to measure glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in swine, an established model to study renal disease. We developed a protocol to measure GFR in conscious swine with the plasma clearance of iohexol. We used two groups: testing and validation, of 8 animals each. Ten milliliters of iohexol (6.47 g) were injected by the marginal auricular vein and blood samples (3 ml) were collected from the orbital sinus at different points after injection. GFR was determined considering two models: two-compartments (CL2: all samples) and one-compartment (CL1: the last six samples). In the testing group, CL1 overestimated CL2 by ~30%: CL2=245±93 and CL1=308±123 ml/mn. This error was corrected by a first order polynomial quadratic equation to CL1, which was considered the simplified method: SM=-47.909+(1.176xCL1)–(0.00063968xCL12). SM showed narrow limits of agreement with CL2, and a concordance correlation of 0.97 and a total deviation index of 14.73%. Similar results were obtained for the validation group. This protocol is reliable, reproducible, can be performed in conscious animals, uses a single dose of the marker, and requires a reduced number of samples avoiding urine collection. Finally, it portends a significant improvement in animal-welfare conditions and handling necessities in experimental trials.

Subject Areas

renal function; iohexol plasma clearance; swine model

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