Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Spectroscopic Evidence, Evaluation of Biological Activity and Prediction of the Safety Profile of Fatty Hydroxamic Acids Derived from Olive Oil Triacylglycerides

Version 1 : Received: 13 November 2017 / Approved: 14 November 2017 / Online: 14 November 2017 (04:42:18 CET)

How to cite: Barbarić, M.; Vikić-Topić, D.; Marinić, Ž.; Bakarić, D.; Zovko Končić, M.; Mišković Špoljarić, K.; Baus Lončar, M.; Jadrijević-Mladar Takač, M. Spectroscopic Evidence, Evaluation of Biological Activity and Prediction of the Safety Profile of Fatty Hydroxamic Acids Derived from Olive Oil Triacylglycerides. Preprints 2017, 2017110082 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201711.0082.v1). Barbarić, M.; Vikić-Topić, D.; Marinić, Ž.; Bakarić, D.; Zovko Končić, M.; Mišković Špoljarić, K.; Baus Lončar, M.; Jadrijević-Mladar Takač, M. Spectroscopic Evidence, Evaluation of Biological Activity and Prediction of the Safety Profile of Fatty Hydroxamic Acids Derived from Olive Oil Triacylglycerides. Preprints 2017, 2017110082 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201711.0082.v1).

Abstract

A fatty hydroxamic acid (FHA) mixture synthesized from olive oil triacylglycerides by hydroxylaminolysis and composed predominantly of oleyl and linoleyl hydroxamic acid (OHA and LHA, respectively) was characterized by means of IR, Raman, MS and 1D and 2D 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. The ratio of OHA and LHA (4:1) was confirmed by MALDI TOF/TOF mass spectrometry. The radical scavenging and the Fe2+-chelating activity, as well as antioxidant activity in β-carotene-linoleic acid and the Fe3+-reducing power assays of the FHAs yielded positive results. The results of FHA cell toxicity on normal fibroblast (BJ) and a tumour cell line (HeLa) revealed that the normal cell line was sensitive to FHAs within the entire range of applied concentrations (5 × 10−4 mg/mL to 5 × 10−1 mg/mL), while the HeLa tumour cell line was sensitive only at the highest FHA concentration (5 × 10−1 mg/mL). In silico target prediction indicated cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2, the fatty-acid amide hydrolase 1 and hystone deacetylases as the most probable targets of OHA and LHA. According to ADMET predictor analysis, the safety profiles of OHA and LHA are comparable to that of SAHA (vorinostat) the histone deacetylase inhibitor in use as an antineoplastic and immunomodulating agent.

Subject Areas

fatty hydroxamic acids; synthesis; spectroscopy; antioxidant activity; cytotoxic activity; biological targets; ADMET; safety profile

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