Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Social Learning, Self-Efficacy, and Subjective Norm in Exploring Betel Nut Chewing in Taxi Drivers in Taiwan

Version 1 : Received: 3 November 2017 / Approved: 6 November 2017 / Online: 6 November 2017 (07:27:59 CET)

How to cite: Yang, T.; Lin, H. Social Learning, Self-Efficacy, and Subjective Norm in Exploring Betel Nut Chewing in Taxi Drivers in Taiwan. Preprints 2017, 2017110037 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201711.0037.v1). Yang, T.; Lin, H. Social Learning, Self-Efficacy, and Subjective Norm in Exploring Betel Nut Chewing in Taxi Drivers in Taiwan. Preprints 2017, 2017110037 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201711.0037.v1).

Abstract

The betel nut chewing habit of taxi drivers has shown that can promote companionship, relaxation, and emotional stability at work. 19.3% of betel nut behaviors are instigated by an invitation among drivers to engage in the habit. The objective of this study was to explore the impact of social learning, subjective norm, and self-efficacy on betel nut chewing in taxi drivers in Taiwan. We conducted a cross-sectional study on taxis’ driver of betel nut behaviour and measured their evaluations of its consequences using a self-report questionnaire. Other variables include socio-demographic characteristics and chewing-related experience. The overall variance is 44.5% in socio-demographic variable, social learning, self-efficacy, and subjective norm. Results show that the variables of affected betel nut chewing behavior, driving years has the strongest influence, followed by learning about betel nut from the media, relatives, and friends, and education level, which positively affect betel nut chewing behavior. Findings indicated that education related to quitting betel nut chewing, significant others, and rules of the taxi fleet are adopted to design a plan for quitting betel chewing to reduce the positive expectations of taxi drivers for betel nut chewing and decrease their betel nut chewing behavior.

Subject Areas

social learning; self-efficacy; subjective norm; betel nut chewing; taxi driver

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