Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Revealing ETC-1922159 Affected Unknown 3rd order WNT10B-X-X Combinations, in Silico

Version 1 : Received: 18 October 2017 / Approved: 18 October 2017 / Online: 18 October 2017 (05:58:17 CEST)

How to cite: sinha, S. Revealing ETC-1922159 Affected Unknown 3rd order WNT10B-X-X Combinations, in Silico. Preprints 2017, 2017100127 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201710.0127.v1). sinha, S. Revealing ETC-1922159 Affected Unknown 3rd order WNT10B-X-X Combinations, in Silico. Preprints 2017, 2017100127 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201710.0127.v1).

Abstract

WNT10B belongs to the family of WNT proteins that are implicated in a range of phenomena that are affected by the Wnt signaling pathway. Recent studies have shown that WNT10B plays a role in colorectal cancer. WNTs have been found to directly affect the stemness of the tumor cells via regulation of ASCL2. Switching off the ASCL2 literally blocks the stemness process of the tumor cells and vice versa. Furthermore, recent findings suggest BVES to be highly suppressed in malignancies and in vitro deletions of BVES show higher Wnt signaling activity to induce stem- ness. WNT10B was found to be highly expressed in such cases. Often, in biology, we are faced with the problem of exploring relevant unknown biological hypotheses in the form of myriads of combination of factors that might be affecting the pathway under certain conditions. For example, WNT10B-ASCL2 is one such 2nd order combination whose relation needs to be tested under the influence of recently developed porcupine-WNT inhibitor ETC-1922159. The inhibitor is known to suppress PORCN (porcupine) and thus inhibit a range of oncogenes known to be directly or indirectly affected by the Wnts. In a recent unpublished work in bioRxiv, Sinha 1, we had the opportunity to rank these unknown biological hypotheses for down regulated genes at 2nd order level after the drug was administered. The in silico observations showed that the combination of WNT10B-ASCL2 was assigned a relatively lower rank, thus validating the pipeline’s efficacy with the confirmed wet lab experiment that indicate that both WNT10B and ASCL2 were down regulated after treatment in cancer cells. Here, we take one step further by in silico analysis of the 3rd order combinations of WNT10B-X-X (X can be known or unknown factor), from a range of 100 randomly picked down regulated genes after ETC-1922159 treatment. The pipeline uses the density based HSIC (Hilbert Schmidt Information Criterion) sensitivity index with an rbf (ra- dial basis function) kernel, which is known to be highly effective in sensitivity analysis. Various unknown/unexplored/untested 3rd order biological hypotheses emerge some of which are con- firmed in wet lab, while others need to be tested. The potential of such ranking is indispensable in the current era of search in a vast combinatorial forest.

Subject Areas

WNT pathway; porcupine inhibitor ETC-1922159; sensitivity analysis; colorectal cancer; unknown biological hypotheses; combinatorial search space; support vector ranking

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