Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

A New Visual Attention Model Designed for SAR Images Based on Texture Saliency

Version 1 : Received: 13 October 2017 / Approved: 13 October 2017 / Online: 13 October 2017 (17:08:14 CEST)

How to cite: Xiong, W.; Xu, Y.; Lv, Y.; Yao, L. A New Visual Attention Model Designed for SAR Images Based on Texture Saliency. Preprints 2017, 2017100093 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201710.0093.v1). Xiong, W.; Xu, Y.; Lv, Y.; Yao, L. A New Visual Attention Model Designed for SAR Images Based on Texture Saliency. Preprints 2017, 2017100093 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201710.0093.v1).

Abstract

Targets detection in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing images, which is a fundamental but challenging problem in the field of satellite image analysis, plays an important role for a wide range of applications and is receiving significant attention in recent years. Besides, the ability of human visual system to detect visual saliency is extraordinarily fast and reliable. However, computational modeling of SAR image scene still remains a challenge. This paper analyzes the defects and shortcomings of traditional visual models applied to SAR images. Then a visual attention model designed for SAR images is proposed. The model draws the basic framework of classical ITTI model; selects and extracts the texture features and other features that can describe the SAR image better. We proposes a new algorithm for computing the local texture saliency of the input image, then the model constructs the corresponding saliency maps of features; Next, a new mechanism of feature fusion is adopted to replace the linear additive mechanism of classical models to obtain the overall saliency map; Finally, the gray-scale characteristics of focus of attention (FOA) in saliency map of all features are taken into account, our model choose the best saliency representation, Through the multi-scale competition strategy, the filter and threshold segmentation of the saliency maps can be used to select the salient regions accurately, thereby completing this operation for the visual saliency detection in SAR images. In the paper, several types of satellite image data, such as TerraSAR-X (TS-X), Radarsat-2, are used to evaluate the performance of visual models. The results show that our model provides superior performance compared with classical visual models. By further contrasting with the classical visual models, Our model reduce the false alarm caused by speckle noise, and its detection speed is greatly improved, and it is increased by 25% to 45%.

Subject Areas

SAR image; Visual attention model; Texture Saliency; Feature map; Focus of attention

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