Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

# Investigation into University Students Restoration Experience: The Effects of Perceived Sensory Dimension and Perceived Restorativeness

Version 1 : Received: 24 August 2017 / Approved: 25 August 2017 / Online: 25 August 2017 (07:48:48 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 29 August 2017 / Approved: 29 August 2017 / Online: 29 August 2017 (07:26:56 CEST)

How to cite: Malekinezhad, F.; Bin Lamit, H. Investigation into University Students Restoration Experience: The Effects of Perceived Sensory Dimension and Perceived Restorativeness. Preprints 2017, 2017080085 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201708.0085.v1). Malekinezhad, F.; Bin Lamit, H. Investigation into University Students Restoration Experience: The Effects of Perceived Sensory Dimension and Perceived Restorativeness. Preprints 2017, 2017080085 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201708.0085.v1).

## Abstract

Salutogenic landscape with its health-promoting qualities is a solution for ever-increasing problem of stress for university students as a vulnerable group. Based on nature related theories, natural environments could have a salutary effect on psychological restoration through stress alleviation. There is a body of research on investigating the impact of open green space characteristics for increasing of psychological restoration through framework of attention restoration theory and supportive environment theory. However, there is little knowledge on how the interaction among these characteristics could promote perceived restoration experience (PRE). To address this problem, using perceived sensory dimension (PSD) for open green space qualities and Perceived Restorativeness (PR) as properties of restorative environments, this study assessed the extent to which the PSD and PR impact on PRE. Using 444 screened data, the mediation effect of PR on the association of PSD to PRE is shown as well as the validity and reliability of proposed relationships. Serene', space', prospect', rich in species' and nature' were the most influential PSDs on PRE through their higher effect on perceived characteristics of fascination' and `compatibility'. These results provide information within landscape architecture and planning to promote the development of open spaces as resources for psychological restoration and stress relief.

## Subject Areas

perceived sensory dimension (PSD); restoration experience; perceived restorativeness; university campus open space; university students