Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Generalized Storage-yield-reliability Relationships for Sizing and Assessing Shopping Centre Rainwater Harvesting Systems in South Africa

Version 1 : Received: 16 August 2017 / Approved: 17 August 2017 / Online: 17 August 2017 (13:53:21 CEST)

How to cite: Ndiritu, J.; Mondli , G..; Yashiren, M... Generalized Storage-yield-reliability Relationships for Sizing and Assessing Shopping Centre Rainwater Harvesting Systems in South Africa. Preprints 2017, 2017080061 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201708.0061.v1). Ndiritu, J.; Mondli , G..; Yashiren, M... Generalized Storage-yield-reliability Relationships for Sizing and Assessing Shopping Centre Rainwater Harvesting Systems in South Africa. Preprints 2017, 2017080061 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201708.0061.v1).

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop guidelines for rainwater harvesting system sizing of shopping centres in South Africa. Three generalized dimensionless relationships relating rainwater supply and demand to tank size, yield and reliability were developed based on 101 years long daily time step simulations of rainwater harvesting of 19 shopping centres located in four regions. Daily rainfalls were obtained from nearby rainfall stations and daily non-potable demands were based on the size of the retail area. The simulations revealed within-year storage behaviour with considerable variation of the yield specified as the number of days for which demand was met each year. The Weibull plotting position formula was applied on the time series of yields to obtain yield-reliability relationships. Simulation results of the hydrologically optimum systems were used to develop two of the generalized relationships and an additional one based on the dependence of the slope of the reliability – yield plots on the optimum yield was formulated to enable analysis of hydrologically non-optimal systems. Most of the relationships fitted best to the non-linear power law form with high correlation coefficients averaging 0.92 and ranging from 0.82 to 1.00. The application of the models for tank sizing and assessing system performance is demonstrated.

Subject Areas

rainwater harvesting; yield, reliability; plotting positions; generalization; optimized hydrologic design; shopping centres

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