Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Effect of a Particulate and a Putty-Like Tricalcium Phosphate-Based Bone Grafting Material on Bone Formation, Volume Stability and Osteogenic Marker Expression after Bilateral Sinus Floor Augmentation in Humans

Version 1 : Received: 22 June 2017 / Approved: 22 June 2017 / Online: 22 June 2017 (18:33:01 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Knabe, C.; Khattab, D.A.; Kluk, E.; Struck, R.; Stiller, M. Effect of a Particulate and a Putty-Like Tricalcium Phosphate-Based Bone-grafting Material on Bone Formation, Volume Stability and Osteogenic Marker Expression after Bilateral Sinus Floor Augmentation in Humans. J. Funct. Biomater. 2017, 8, 31. Knabe, C.; Khattab, D.A.; Kluk, E.; Struck, R.; Stiller, M. Effect of a Particulate and a Putty-Like Tricalcium Phosphate-Based Bone-grafting Material on Bone Formation, Volume Stability and Osteogenic Marker Expression after Bilateral Sinus Floor Augmentation in Humans. J. Funct. Biomater. 2017, 8, 31.

Journal reference: J. Funct. Biomater. 2017, 8, 31
DOI: 10.3390/jfb8030031

Abstract

This study examines the effect of a hyaluronic acid (HyAc) containing tricalcium phosphate putty scaffold material (TCP-P) and of a particulate tricalcium phosphate (TCP-G) graft on bone formation, volume stability and osteogenic marker expression in biopsies sampled 6 months after bilateral sinus floor augmentation (SFA) in 7 patients applying a split-mouth design. Biopsies were processed for immunohistochemical analysis of resin embedded sections. Sections were stained for collagen type I (Col I), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin (OC) and bone sialoprotein (BSP). Furthermore, the bone area and particle area fraction were determined histomorphometrically. Cone-beam CT data recorded after SFA and 6 month later were used for calculating the graft volume at these two time points. TCP-P displayed more advantageous surgical handling properties and a significantly greater bone area fraction and smaller particle area fraction. This was accompanied by significantly greater expression of Col I and BSP and in osteoblasts and osteoid and a less pronounced reduction in grafting volume with TCP-P. SFA using both types of materials resulted in formation of sufficient bone volume for facilitating stable dental implant placement with all dental implants having been in function without any complications for 6 years. Since TCP-P displayed superior surgical handling properties and greater bone formation than TCP-G, without the Hyac hydrogel matrix having any adverse effect on bone formation or graft volume stability, TCP-P can be regarded as excellent grafting material for SFA in a clinical setting.

Subject Areas

Tricalcium phosphate putty scaffold; bioactive ceramics; bone formation, osteogenesis, osteogenic markers, hard tissue histology; immunohistochemical analysis; split-mouth design; sinus floor augmentation; bone grafting materials

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