Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Development of Laser Scanner for Full Cross-Sectional Deformation Monitoring of Underground Gateroads

Version 1 : Received: 3 June 2017 / Approved: 5 June 2017 / Online: 5 June 2017 (05:18:53 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Yang, Q.; Zhang, Z.; Liu, X.; Ma, S. Development of Laser Scanner for Full Cross-Sectional Deformation Monitoring of Underground Gateroads. Sensors 2017, 17, 1311. Yang, Q.; Zhang, Z.; Liu, X.; Ma, S. Development of Laser Scanner for Full Cross-Sectional Deformation Monitoring of Underground Gateroads. Sensors 2017, 17, 1311.

Journal reference: Sensors 2017, 17, 1311
DOI: 10.3390/s17061311

Abstract

The deformation of underground gateroads tends to be asymmetric and complex. Traditional instrumentation fails to accurately and conveniently monitor the full cross-sectional deformation of underground gateroads. Here, a full cross-sectional laser scanner was developed together with a visualization software package. The developed system used polar coordinate measuring method and the full cross-sectional measurement was realized by 360° rotation of laser sensor driven by an electrical motor. Later on, the potential impact of gateroad wall flatness, roughness and geometrical profile as well as coal dust environment on the performance of the developed laser scanner were evaluated. The studies show that a high-level flatness is favorable in application of the developed full cross-sectional deformation monitoring system. For a smooth surface of gateroad, the sensor cannot receive reflected light when the incidence angle of laser beam is large, causing data loss. Conversely, the roughness surface shows its priority as the diffuse reflection light can be received by the sensor. With regards to the coal dust in measurement environment, the fine particles of floating coal dust in the air can lead to the loss of measurement data to some certain due to scattering of laser beam.

Subject Areas

laser sensor; deformation monitoring; underground gateroad

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