Preprint Article Version 2 This version not peer reviewed

Residence in proximity of a coal-oil-fired thermal power plant and risk of lung and bladder cancer in north-eastern Italy. A population-based study, 1995-2009

Version 1 : Received: 24 May 2017 / Approved: 25 May 2017 / Online: 25 May 2017 (08:40:54 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 19 June 2017 / Approved: 20 June 2017 / Online: 20 June 2017 (08:50:26 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Collarile, P.; Bidoli, E.; Barbone, F.; Zanier, L.; Del Zotto, S.; Fuser, S.; Stel, F.; Panato, C.; Gallai, I.; Serraino, D. Residence in Proximity of a Coal-Oil-Fired Thermal Power Plant and Risk of Lung and Bladder Cancer in North-Eastern Italy. A Population-Based Study: 1995–2009. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 860. Collarile, P.; Bidoli, E.; Barbone, F.; Zanier, L.; Del Zotto, S.; Fuser, S.; Stel, F.; Panato, C.; Gallai, I.; Serraino, D. Residence in Proximity of a Coal-Oil-Fired Thermal Power Plant and Risk of Lung and Bladder Cancer in North-Eastern Italy. A Population-Based Study: 1995–2009. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 860.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 860
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14080860

Abstract

This study investigated the risk of lung and bladder cancers in people residing in proximity of a coal-oil-fired thermal power plant in an area of north-eastern Italy, covered by a population-based cancer registry. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) by sex, age, and histology were computed according to tertiles of residential exposure to benzene, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particular matter, and sulfur dioxide (SO2) among 1076 incident cases of lung and 650 cases of bladder cancers. In men of all ages and in women under 75 years of age, no significant associations were observed. Conversely, in women aged >75 years significantly increased risks of lung and bladder cancers were related to high exposure to benzene (IRR for highest vs. lowest tertile: 2.00 for lung cancer and 1.94 for bladder cancer) and NO2 (IRR: 1.72 for lung cancer; and 1.94 for bladder cancer). In these women, a 1.71-fold higher risk of lung cancer was also related to a high exposure to SO2. The findings of this descriptive study indicated that air pollution may have a role with regard to the risk of lung and bladder cancers, limited to women aged ≥ 75 years. Such increased risk warrants further analytical investigations.

Subject Areas

Air pollution; coal-fired thermal power plant; oil thermal power plant; geocoded; lung cancer; bladder cancer; North-eastern Italy

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