Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Numerical Analysis of Unsymmetric Flatbak Trailing Edge Airfoil to Reduce Turbomachinery Noise in Power Generation Cycle

Version 1 : Received: 19 May 2017 / Approved: 19 May 2017 / Online: 19 May 2017 (08:54:53 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Shin, H.; Kim, H.; Kim, T.; Kim, S.-H.; Lee, S.; Baik, Y.-J.; Lee, G. Numerical Analysis of Flatback Trailing Edge Airfoil to Reduce Noise in Power Generation Cycle. Energies 2017, 10, 872. Shin, H.; Kim, H.; Kim, T.; Kim, S.-H.; Lee, S.; Baik, Y.-J.; Lee, G. Numerical Analysis of Flatback Trailing Edge Airfoil to Reduce Noise in Power Generation Cycle. Energies 2017, 10, 872.

Journal reference: Energies 2017, 10, 872
DOI: 10.3390/en10070872

Abstract

A turbomachinery is essential part in the power generation cycle. But, it is main noise source to annoy workers and users and to make environmental problem. Thus it is important to reduce this noise for operating the power generation cycle. This noise is created by flow instability on rotor blade trailing edge. An airfoil that becomes a section of a rotor blade of a rotating machine is manufactured as a blunt trailing edge (TE) with a round or flatback shape rather than the ideal sharp TE shape for the purposes of producibility and durability. This increases the tonal noise and flow-induced vibration at low frequency owing to vortex shedding behind TE when compared with a sharp TE. In order to overcome this problem, this study investigates the oblique TE shape using numerical simulation. In order to do so, the flow was simulated using large eddy simulation (LES) and the noise was analysed by acoustic analogy coupled with LES result. Once the simulation results were verified using the flatback airfoil measurements of Sandia National Laboratories, numerical prediction was performed for airfoils modified to have oblique trailing edge angles of 60°, 45°, and 30° to analyse the flow and noise characteristics. From the simulation results for an airfoil having an oblique TE, it could be seen that the vortex shedding frequency moves in accordance with the oblique angle and that the vortex shedding noise characteristics change according to this angle when compared to the flatback TE airfoil. Therefore, it is considered that modifying the flatback TE airfoil to have an appropriate oblique angle can reduce noise and change the tonal frequency to a bandwidth that is suitable for mechanical systems.

Subject Areas

power generation cycle; turbo machinery; turbine; compressor; blade; airfoil; noise

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