Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Disinfection of Water Borne Pathogens Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus by Solar Photocatalysis using Sonochemically Synthesized Reusable Ag@ZnO Core-shell Nanoparticles

Version 1 : Received: 4 May 2017 / Approved: 4 May 2017 / Online: 4 May 2017 (11:32:16 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Das, S.; Ranjana, N.; Misra, A.J.; Suar, M.; Mishra, A.; Tamhankar, A.J.; Lundborg, C.S.; Tripathy, S.K. Disinfection of the Water Borne Pathogens Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus by Solar Photocatalysis Using Sonochemically Synthesized Reusable Ag@ZnO Core-Shell Nanoparticles. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 747. Das, S.; Ranjana, N.; Misra, A.J.; Suar, M.; Mishra, A.; Tamhankar, A.J.; Lundborg, C.S.; Tripathy, S.K. Disinfection of the Water Borne Pathogens Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus by Solar Photocatalysis Using Sonochemically Synthesized Reusable Ag@ZnO Core-Shell Nanoparticles. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 747.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 747
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14070747

Abstract

Water borne pathogens present a threat to human health and their disinfection from water poses a challenge, prompting search for newer methods and newer materials. Disinfection of Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli and Gram-positive coccal bacterium Staphylococcus aureus in aqueous matrix was achieved within 60 and 90 minutes respectively at 35⁰C using solar-photocatalysis mediated by sonochemically synthesized Ag@ZnO core-shell nanoparticles. The efficiency of the process increased with increase in temperature and at 55⁰C the disinfection could be achieved in 45 and 60 min respectively for the two bacteria. A new ultrasound assisted chemical precipitation technique was used for the synthesis of Ag@ZnO core-shell nanoparticles. The characteristics of the synthesized material were established using physical techniques. The material remained stable even at 400o C. Disinfection efficiency of the Ag@ZnO core-shell nanoparticles was confirmed in case of real world water samples from pond, river, municipal tap and was found to be better than that of pure ZnO and TiO2 (Degussa P25). When the nanoparticle based catalyst was recycled and reused for subsequent disinfection experiments, its efficiency did not change remarkably even after three cycles. The sonochemically synthesized Ag@ZnO core-shell nanoparticles have a good potential for application in solar photocatalytic disinfection of water borne pathogens.

Subject Areas

core-shell; disinfection; Escherichia coli; nanoparticles; pathogens; silver; solar-photocatalysis; Staphylococcus aureus; water; zinc oxide

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