Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Forces Acting on Objects in Nanopores with Irregularities - Irregular Nanopores as Shape Sensors

Version 1 : Received: 18 April 2017 / Approved: 18 April 2017 / Online: 18 April 2017 (17:50:55 CEST)

How to cite: Tajparast, M.; Glavinovic, M.I. Forces Acting on Objects in Nanopores with Irregularities - Irregular Nanopores as Shape Sensors. Preprints 2017, 2017040116 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201704.0116.v1). Tajparast, M.; Glavinovic, M.I. Forces Acting on Objects in Nanopores with Irregularities - Irregular Nanopores as Shape Sensors. Preprints 2017, 2017040116 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201704.0116.v1).

Abstract

Nanopores with irregularities are promising tools for distinguishing nano-size objects by their shape, but the forces on the object that critically influence its axial and rotational movement are unclear. The physics of the situation was described using the Poisson-Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations. With uniformly charged object the axial Coulomb and dielectric pressure (which opposes it and is surprisingly important), control the object's axial movement and rotation. Even without external pressure the hydrodynamic pressure is significant (negative at its upper and positive at its lower surface), but its total value is almost zero. If the object is charged only on the upper surface the axial upper Coulomb pressure is near zero close to the center, but negative near its end (the pressure is zero at the lower surface). The total axial dielectric pressure, which is largely dominated by the pressure at the upper surface, is positive along the length of the object becoming pronounced near its end. The axial hydrodynamic pressure is negative and significant at the upper surface (zero at the lower surface), diminishes in value near the object's end, critically influencing its axial movement, which becomes much faster. At its end the axial dielectric pressure prevails, and controls its rotation.

Subject Areas

Irregular nanopore; Poisson-Nernst-Planck; Navier-Stokes; Maxwell stress tensor;

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