Preprint Case Report Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Utility of Genetic Testing for Confirmation of Abnormal Newborn Screening in Disorders of Long-Chain Fatty Acids: A Missed Case of Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) Deficiency

Version 1 : Received: 7 April 2017 / Approved: 10 April 2017 / Online: 10 April 2017 (06:23:32 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Dowsett, L.; Lulis, L.; Ficicioglu, C.; Cuddapah, S. Utility of Genetic Testing for Confirmation of Abnormal Newborn Screening in Disorders of Long-Chain Fatty Acids: A Missed Case of Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) Deficiency. Int. J. Neonatal Screen. 2017, 3, 10. Dowsett, L.; Lulis, L.; Ficicioglu, C.; Cuddapah, S. Utility of Genetic Testing for Confirmation of Abnormal Newborn Screening in Disorders of Long-Chain Fatty Acids: A Missed Case of Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) Deficiency. Int. J. Neonatal Screen. 2017, 3, 10.

Journal reference: Int. J. Neonatal Screen. 2017, 3, 10
DOI: 10.3390/ijns3020010

Abstract

An 18 month-old male was evaluated after presenting with disproportionate transaminitis in the setting of acute gastroenteritis. He had marked hepatomegaly on physical exam that was later confirmed with an abdominal ultrasound. Given this clinical picture, suspicion for a fatty acid oxidation disorder was raised. Further investigation revealed that his initial newborn screen was positive for carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) deficiency - a rare autosomal recessive disorder of long-chain fatty acid oxidation. Confirmatory biochemical testing in the newborn period showed carnitine levels to be unexpectedly low with a normal acylcarnitine profile. Thus, it was considered to be a false-positive newborn screen and metabolic follow up was not recommended. Repeat biochemical testing during this hospitalization revealed a normal acylcarnitine profile. The only abnormalities noted were a low proportion of acylcarnitine species from plasma, an elevated free-to-total carnitine ratio, and mild hypoketotic medium chain decarboxylic aciduria on urine organic acids. Gene sequencing of CPT1A revealed a novel homozygous splice site variant that confirmed his diagnosis. CPT1A deficiency has a population founder effect in the Inuit and other Arctic groups, but has not been previously reported in persons of Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry.

Subject Areas

carnitine palmitoyltransferase deficiency; CPT1A; fatty acid oxidation disorders; transaminitis; Ashkenazi Jewish; neonatal screening

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