Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Incomplete Segregation of MSH6 Frameshift Variants with Phenotype of Lynch Syndrome

Version 1 : Received: 5 April 2017 / Approved: 5 April 2017 / Online: 5 April 2017 (03:04:02 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Liccardo, R.; De Rosa, M.; Rossi, G.B.; Carlomagno, N.; Izzo, P.; Duraturo, F. Incomplete Segregation of MSH6 Frameshift Variants with Phenotype of Lynch Syndrome. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 999. Liccardo, R.; De Rosa, M.; Rossi, G.B.; Carlomagno, N.; Izzo, P.; Duraturo, F. Incomplete Segregation of MSH6 Frameshift Variants with Phenotype of Lynch Syndrome. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 999.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 999
DOI: 10.3390/ijms18050999

Abstract

Background: Lynch syndrome, the most frequent form of hereditary colorectal cancer and involves mutations in mismatch repair genes. The aim of this study was to identify mutations in MSH6 from 97 subjects negative for mutations in MLH1 and MSH2. Methods: By direct sequencing, we identified 27 MSH6 variants, of which, nine were novel. To verify the pathogenicity of these novel variants we performed in silico and segregation analyses. Results: Three novel variants were predicted by in silico analysis as damaging mutations and segregated with the disease phenotype. While, a novel frameshift deletion variant that was predicted to yield a premature stop codon, did not segregate with the LS phenotype in 3 of 4 cases in the family. Interestingly, another frame-shift variant identified in this study, already described in the literature, also did not segregate with the LS phenotype in 1 of 2 affected subjects in the family. In all affected subjects of both families, no mutation was detected in other MMR genes. Therefore, it is expected that within these families other genetic factors contribute to the disease either alone or in combination with MSH6 variants. Conclusion: We conclude that caution should be exercised in counseling for MSH6-associated LS family members.

Subject Areas

Lynch syndrome; segregation analysis; MSH6 gene; hereditary colorectal cancer; oligogenic model

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