Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

A Preliminary Study on Connectivity and Perceived Values of Community Landscapes

Version 1 : Received: 1 April 2017 / Approved: 3 April 2017 / Online: 3 April 2017 (17:03:32 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Park, S. A Preliminary Study on Connectivity and Perceived Values of Community Green Spaces. Sustainability 2017, 9, 692. Park, S. A Preliminary Study on Connectivity and Perceived Values of Community Green Spaces. Sustainability 2017, 9, 692.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2017, 9, 692
DOI: 10.3390/su9050692

Abstract

Green spaces in residential community is important, yet understudied, feature as an urban ecological system. While large urban parks and remnant wildlands in urban areas tend to receive a public attention from conservation and management perspectives, less is known for the importance of spatial and ecological characteristics of the community-scale landscapes. This study investigates natural elements in four planned communities in Phoenix metropolitan area, Arizona, two of which represent conventional type of neighborhood and the other two exemplify the community development with a proclaimed vision of sustainability. These distinct type of communities, which capture variations in age, location, open space type, and a cross-section of housing density, are compared with regard to landscape connectivity as a means of gauging ecological condition for community sustainability. Using Geographical Information System and landscape connectivity indices, each community’s landscape features including size, physical connectedness and ecological potential were examined. Furthermore, a questionnaire survey was performed to examine the perceptional differences between the two types of community residents. The findings demonstrate that the green spaces in conventional communities are more physically connected than the counterparts, but the naturalness and ecological quality manifested by the amount of the land that may serve as potential urban desert habitats were higher in the sustainable communities. The results of the survey indicated that the respondents inhabiting in sustainable communities possess a higher level of satisfaction than the people in conventional type of community due mainly to the amount of, easy access to, and perceived ecological values of, green spaces in their neighborhoods and surrounding areas. The study concludes that careful community design with ecological consideration can help create sustainable communities which can benefit both site-scale ecosystems and perceived human well-being.

Subject Areas

Ecological sustainability; Landscape connectivity, Green spaces, Resident perception, Master-planned community, Phoenix

Readers' Comments and Ratings (0)

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Rate this article
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0
Leave a public comment

×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.