Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

An Entropy-based Approach for Evaluating Travel Time Predictability Based on Vehicle Trajectory Data

Version 1 : Received: 24 March 2017 / Approved: 28 March 2017 / Online: 28 March 2017 (17:22:03 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Xu, T.; Xu, X.; Hu, Y.; Li, X. An Entropy-Based Approach for Evaluating Travel Time Predictability Based on Vehicle Trajectory Data. Entropy 2017, 19, 165. Xu, T.; Xu, X.; Hu, Y.; Li, X. An Entropy-Based Approach for Evaluating Travel Time Predictability Based on Vehicle Trajectory Data. Entropy 2017, 19, 165.

Journal reference: Entropy 2017, 19, 165
DOI: 10.3390/e19040165

Abstract

With the great development of intelligent transportation systems (ITS), travel time prediction has attracted the attentions of many researchers and a large number of prediction methods have been developed. However, as an unavoidable topic, the predictability of travel time series is the basic premise for travel time prediction has received less attention than the methodology. Based on the analysis of the complexity of travel time series, this paper defines travel time predictability to express the probability of correct travel time prediction and proposes an entropy-based method to measure the upper bound of travel time predictability. Multiscale entropy is employed to quantify the complexity of travel time series, and the relationships between entropy and the upper bound of travel time predictability are presented. Empirical studies are made with vehicle trajectory data in an express road section. The effectiveness of time scales, tolerance, and series length to entropy and travel time predictability are analysis, and some valuable suggestions about the accuracy of travel time predictability are discussed. Finally, the comparisons between travel time predictability and actual prediction results from two prediction models, ARIMA and BPNN, are conducted. Experimental results demonstrate the validity and reliability of the proposed travel time predictability.

Subject Areas

travel time predictability; multiple entropy; travel time series; vehicle trajectory data

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