Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Urban Thermal Environment and Heat Island in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam from Remote Sensing Data

Version 1 : Received: 28 January 2017 / Approved: 29 January 2017 / Online: 29 January 2017 (10:38:44 CET)

How to cite: Tran Thi, V.; Ha Duong Xuan, B.; Nguyen Thi Tuyet, M. Urban Thermal Environment and Heat Island in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam from Remote Sensing Data. Preprints 2017, 2017010129 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0129.v1). Tran Thi, V.; Ha Duong Xuan, B.; Nguyen Thi Tuyet, M. Urban Thermal Environment and Heat Island in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam from Remote Sensing Data. Preprints 2017, 2017010129 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0129.v1).

Abstract

In urban area, one of the great problem is the rise of temperature, which leads to form the urban heat island effect. This paper refers to the trend of the urban surface temperature extracted from the Landsat images from which to consider changes in the formation of surface urban heat island for the north of Ho Chi Minh city in period 1995-2015. Research has identified land surface temperature from thermal infrared band, according to the ability of the surface emission based on characteristics of normalized difference vegetation index NDVI. The results showed that temperature fluctuated over the city with a growing trend and the gradual expansion of the area of the high-temperature zone towards the suburbs. Within 20 years, the trend of the formation of surface urban heat island with two typical locations showed a clear difference between the surface temperature of urban areas and rural areas with space expansion of heat island in 4 times in 2015 compared to 1995. An extreme heat island located in the inner city has an area of approximately 18% compared to the total area of the region. Since then, the solution to reduce the impact of urban heat island has been proposed, in order to protect the urban environment and the lives of residents in Ho Chi Minh City becoming better

Subject Areas

emissivity; land cover; land surface temperature; surface urban heat island; thermal environment; mitigation

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