Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Lagrangian Approach for Computational Acoustics with Meshfree Method

Version 1 : Received: 25 January 2017 / Approved: 25 January 2017 / Online: 25 January 2017 (11:42:54 CET)

How to cite: Zhang, Y.O.; Llewellyn Smith, S.G.; Zhang, T.; Li, T.Y. A Lagrangian Approach for Computational Acoustics with Meshfree Method. Preprints 2017, 2017010115 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0115.v1). Zhang, Y.O.; Llewellyn Smith, S.G.; Zhang, T.; Li, T.Y. A Lagrangian Approach for Computational Acoustics with Meshfree Method. Preprints 2017, 2017010115 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0115.v1).

Abstract

Although Eulerian approaches are standard in computational acoustics, they are less effective for certain classes of problems like bubble acoustics and combustion noise. A different approach for solving acoustic problems is to compute with individual particles following particle motion. In this paper, a Lagrangian approach to model sound propagation in moving fluid is presented and implemented numerically, using three meshfree methods to solve the Lagrangian acoustic perturbation equations (LAPE) in the time domain. The LAPE split the fluid dynamic equations into a set of hydrodynamic equations for the motion of fluid particles and perturbation equations for the acoustic quantities corresponding to each fluid particle. Then, three meshfree methods, the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method, the corrective smoothed particle (CSP) method, and the generalized finite difference (GFD) method, are introduced to solve the LAPE and the linearized LAPE (LLAPE). The SPH and CSP methods are widely used meshfree methods, while the GFD method based on the Taylor series expansion can be easily extended to higher orders. Applications to modeling sound propagation in steady or unsteady fluids in motion are outlined, treating a number of different cases in one and two space dimensions. A comparison of the LAPE and the LLAPE using the three meshfree methods is also presented. The Lagrangian approach shows good agreement with exact solutions. The comparison indicates that the CSP and GFD method exhibit convergence in cases with different background flow. The GFD method is more accurate, while the CSP method can handle higher Courant numbers.

Subject Areas

Lagrangian approach; Lagrangian acoustic perturbation equations; computational acoustics; meshfree method; smoothed particle hydrodynamics; generalized finite difference method

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