Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Facial Expression Recognition with Fusion Features Extracted from Salient Facial Areas

Version 1 : Received: 23 January 2017 / Approved: 24 January 2017 / Online: 24 January 2017 (03:28:51 CET)

How to cite: Liu, Y.; Li, Y.; Ma, X.; Song, R. Facial Expression Recognition with Fusion Features Extracted from Salient Facial Areas. Preprints 2017, 2017010102 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0102.v1). Liu, Y.; Li, Y.; Ma, X.; Song, R. Facial Expression Recognition with Fusion Features Extracted from Salient Facial Areas. Preprints 2017, 2017010102 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0102.v1).

Abstract

In pattern recognition domain, deep architectures are widely used nowadays and they have achieved fine grades. However, these deep architectures need special demands, especially big datasets and GPU. Aiming to gain better grades without deep networks, we propose a simplified algorithm framework using fusion features extracted from the salient areas of faces. Furthermore, the proposed algorithm has achieved a better result than some deep architectures. For extracting more effective features, this paper firstly defines the salient areas on the faces. This paper normalizes the salient areas of the same location in the faces to the same size, therefore it can gain more similar features from different subjects. LBP and HOG features are extracted from the salient areas, fusion features’ dimensions are reduced by Principal Component Analysis( PCA) and we apply softmax to classify the six basic expressions at once. This paper proposes a salient areas definitude method which uses peak expressions frames to compare with their neutral faces. This paper also proposes and applies the idea of normalizing the salient areas to align the specific areas which express the different expressions. This makes the salient areas found from different subjects have the same size. Besides, gamma correction method is firstly applied on LBP features in our algorithm framework which improves our recognition rates significantly. By applying this algorithm framework, our research has gained state-of-the-art performances on CK+ database and JAFFE database.

Subject Areas

facial expression recognition; fusion features; salient facial areas; hand-crafted features; feature correction

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