Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Land Suitability Assessment for Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) Development in Chile

Version 1 : Received: 10 January 2017 / Approved: 11 January 2017 / Online: 11 January 2017 (04:57:16 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Román-Figueroa, C.; Padilla, R.; Uribe, J.M.; Paneque, M. Land Suitability Assessment for Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) Development in Chile. Sustainability 2017, 9, 154. Román-Figueroa, C.; Padilla, R.; Uribe, J.M.; Paneque, M. Land Suitability Assessment for Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) Development in Chile. Sustainability 2017, 9, 154.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2017, 9, 154
DOI: 10.3390/su9010154

Abstract

Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) is an oilseed with potential for use as a raw material in second-generation biofuels. Camelina has a seed yield of up to 2380 kg ha-1 and contains around 45% fatty acids. Selection of a suitable site is critical for production optimization. The objective of this study was to determine Chilean agro-climatic suitability for establishing camelina as a productive alternative. Climate and soil requirements and geographical restraints were evaluated for the species, considering the climatological characteristics of its regions of origin, as well as regions where camelina is successfully grown in the rest of the world. The variables considered include factors (maximum temperatures of the warmest month, water deficits, and degree days) and limitations (altitude, geomorphology, and current land use), which permitted the evaluation of the national territory for a certain level of suitability. It was determined that 1.3% of the national territory (960,664 ha) has some degree of suitability for camelina adoption. Between the Biobío and Los Lagos regions, 49.0% of land (471,203 ha) is in the category of without thermic restrictions, with mild water restrictions, and mild soil restrictions or without information, which can be used for camelina production. The Los Ríos region had 21.4% surface area (321,176 ha) with some level of suitability for camelina, the most suitable region to establish this crop in Chile.

Subject Areas

bioenergy; Camelina sativa; energy crops; agro-climatic suitability; biodiesel

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