Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Fabrication of Mechanically Stable Superhydrophobic Aluminium Surface with Excellent Self-Cleaning and Anti-Fogging Properties

Version 1 : Received: 31 December 2016 / Approved: 2 January 2017 / Online: 2 January 2017 (17:27:05 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Varshney, P.; Mohapatra, S.S.; Kumar, A. Fabrication of Mechanically Stable Superhydrophobic Aluminium Surface with Excellent Self-Cleaning and Anti-Fogging Properties. Biomimetics 2017, 2, 2. Varshney, P.; Mohapatra, S.S.; Kumar, A. Fabrication of Mechanically Stable Superhydrophobic Aluminium Surface with Excellent Self-Cleaning and Anti-Fogging Properties. Biomimetics 2017, 2, 2.

Journal reference: Biomimetics 2017, 2, 2
DOI: 10.3390/biomimetics2010002

Abstract

Development of the self-cleaning and anti-fogging superhydrophobic coating for aluminum surfaces which is durable in the aggressive conditions has raised tremendous interest in materials science. In this work, by employing chemical etching technique with mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acid, followed by passivation with lauric acid, superhydrophobic aluminum surface was synthesized. The surface morphology analysis reveals the presence of rough microstructures on coated aluminium surface. Superhydrophobicity with water contact angle of 170 ± 3.9° and sliding angle of 4 ± 0.5° is achieved. Surface bounces off the high speed water jet, indicating excellent water-repellent nature of coating. It is also continuously floated on water surface for several weeks, showing excellent buoyancy nature. Additionally, coating maintains its superhydrophobicity after undergoing 100 cycles of adhesive tape peeling test. Its superhydrophobic nature withstands 90° and 180° bending, and repeated folding and de-folding. Coating exhibits the excellent self-cleaning property. In low temperature condensation test, almost no accumulation of water drops on the surface, showing the excellent anti-fogging property of coating. This approach can be applied to any size and shape of aluminium surface and hence has great industrial applications.

Subject Areas

Superhydrophobic; Water-repellent; Chemical etching; Self-cleaning; Anti-fogging

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