Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

E-waste Management in South Africa: Case Study: Cathode Ray Tubes Recycling Opportunities

Version 1 : Received: 2 August 2016 / Approved: 3 August 2016 / Online: 3 August 2016 (12:33:45 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ledwaba, P.; Sosibo, N. Cathode Ray Tube Recycling in South Africa. Recycling 2017, 2, 4. Ledwaba, P.; Sosibo, N. Cathode Ray Tube Recycling in South Africa. Recycling 2017, 2, 4.


Households and businesses are generating unprecedented levels of electrical and electronic wastes (e-waste), fueled by modernisation and rapid obsolescence. While the challenges imposed by e-waste are similar everywhere in the world, disparities in progress to deal with it exists; with developing nations such as South Africa lagging. The increase in e-waste generation increases the need to formulate strategies to manage it. This paper presents an overview of e-waste management on a global and South African scenarios with a specific case for Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) waste management practices in South Africa. CRTs present the biggest problem for recyclers and policy makers because they contain hazardous elements such as lead and antimony. Common disposal practices have been either landfilling or incineration. The research into the South African practices with regards to CRT waste management showed that there is still more to be done to effectively manage this waste stream. This is despite clear waste regulatory frameworks in the country. However, recent developments have placed e-waste as a priority waste stream, which should lead to intensified efforts in dealing with it. Overall, these efforts should aim to maximise diversion from landfilling and to create value-addition opportunities, leading to social and environmental benefits.


electrical and electronic waste; recycling; legislative frameworks; environmental management; landfilling


Environmental and Earth Sciences, Environmental Science

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