ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201809.0449.v1
Subject: Engineering, Electrical And Electronic Engineering Keywords: motion; superpixel; temporal features; video classification
Online: 24 September 2018 (09:54:01 CEST)
Superpixels are a representation of still images as pixel grids because of their more meaningful information compared with atomic pixels. However, their usefulness for video classification has been given little attention. In this paper, rather than using spatial RGB values as low-level features, we use optical flows mapped into hue-saturation-value (HSV) space to capture rich motion features over time. We introduce motion superpixels, which are superpixels generated from flow fields. After mapping flow fields into HSV space, independent superpixels are formed by iteration of seeded regions. Every grid of a motion superpixel is tracked over time using nearest neighbors in the histogram of flow (HOF) for consecutive flow fields. To define the temporal representation, the evolution of three features within the superpixel region, namely the HOF, HOG, and the center of superpixel mass are used as descriptors. The bag of features algorithm is used to quantify final features, and generalized histogram-kernel support vector machines are used as learning algorithms. We evaluate the proposed superpixel tracking on first-person videos and action sports videos.
CONCEPT PAPER | doi:10.20944/preprints202207.0294.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Science Keywords: CNN; brain tumor; GLCM; segmentation; superpixel; spectral clustering
Online: 20 July 2022 (05:28:57 CEST)
Extensive growth in the volume of irregular brain cells is known as brain tumor. Human brain is surrounded by stiff skull. There are various issues that occur due to the growth of any tumor inside this restricted space. The malignant and benign are two main categories of the brain tumor. The skull is pressurized to enlarge from inside in case of growth of any benign or malignant tumor. This tumor leads to harm in brain and it may be dangerous to life also. The brain tumor is divided into two kinds - primary or secondary. The brain tumor detection techniques have various phases. In this paper, comparative study of CNN with GLCM approach and superpixel based spectral clustering is done tumor. This work takes into account metrics like accuracy, sensitivity and specificity for drawing the comparison between both the techniques.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201704.0030.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Data Structures, Algorithms And Complexity Keywords: Automatic localization; human visual mechanism; superpixel contrast feature; ultrasound breast tumor.
Online: 5 April 2017 (15:50:40 CEST)
Human visual system (HVM) can quickly localize the most salient object in scenes, which has been widely applied on natural image segmentation -. In ultrasound (US) breast images, compared with background areas, tumor is more salient because of its higher contrast. In this paper, we develop a novel automatic localization method based on HVM for automatic segmentation of ultrasound (US) breast tumors. First, the input image is smoothed by convolution with a linearly separable Gaussian filter and then subsampled into a 9-layer Gaussian pyramid. Then intensity, blackness ratio, and superpixel contrast features are combined to compute saliency map, in which Winner Take All algorithm is used to localize the most salient region, presenting with a circle on the localized target. Finally the circle is taken as the initial contour of CV level set to finish the extraction of breast tumor. The localization method has been tested on 400 US beast images, among which 378 images have higher saliency than background areas and succeed in localization, with high accuracy 92.00%. The HVM localization method can be used to localize the tumors, combined with this method, CV level set can achieve the fully automatic segmentation of US breast tumors. By combing intensity, blackness ratio and superpixel contrast features, the proposed localization method can successfully avoid the interference caused by background areas with low echo and high intensity. Moreover, multi-object localization of US breast images can be considered in future employment.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202308.2143.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: Graph Neural Networks; Superpixel metric learning; Memory efficient model; White blood cell segmentation; Cell type classification
Online: 31 August 2023 (08:47:16 CEST)
An automatic recognizing system of white blood cells can assist hematologists in the diagnosis of many diseases, where accuracy and efficiency are paramount for computer-based system. In this paper, we present a new image processing system to recognize the five types of white blood cells in peripheral blood with marked improvement in efficiency when juxtaposed against mainstream methods. The prevailing deep learning segmentation solutions often utilize millions of parameters to extract high-level image features and neglect the incorporation of prior domain knowledge, which consequently consume substantial computational resources and increase the risk of overfitting, especially when limited medical image samples are available for training. To address these challenges, we propose a novel memory-efficient strategy that exploits graph structures derived from the images. Specifically, we introduce a lightweight superpixel-based Graph Neural Network (GNN) and break new ground by introducing superpixel metric learning to segment nucles and cytoplasm. Remarkably, our proposed segmentation model (SMGNN) achieves state-of-the-art segmentation performance while utilizing at most 10000$\times$ less than the parameters compared to existing approaches. The subsequent segmentation-based cell type classification processes show satisfactory results that such automatic recognizing algorithms are accurate and efficient to execeute in hematological laboratories.