ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202102.0014.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Biochemistry Keywords: canine distemper virus; signaling lymphocytic activation molecule; fragment molecular orbital calculation; molecular dynamics simulation
Online: 1 February 2021 (11:29:27 CET)
Infection of hosts by morbilliviruses is facilitated by the interaction between viral hemagglutinin (H-protein) and the signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM). Recently, the functional importance of the N-terminal region of human SLAM as a measles virus receptor was demonstrated. However, the functional roles of this region in the infection process by other morbilliviruses and host range determination remain unknown partly because this region is highly flexible, which has hampered accurate structure determination of this region by X-ray crystallography. In this study, we analyzed the interaction between the H-protein from canine distemper virus (CDV-H) and SLAMs by a computational chemistry approach. Molecular dynamics simulations and fragment molecular orbital analysis demonstrated that the unique His28 in the N-terminal region of SLAM from Macaca is a key determinant that enables formation of a stable interaction with CDV-H, providing a basis for CDV infection in Macaca. The computational chemistry approach presented should enable determination of molecular interactions involving regions of proteins that are difficult to predict from crystal structures because of their high flexibility.